Fix a bunch of warnings and errors
[vlc.git] / modules / access / v4l.c
1 /*****************************************************************************
2  * v4l.c : Video4Linux input module for vlc
3  *****************************************************************************
4  * Copyright (C) 2002-2004 the VideoLAN team
5  * $Id$
6  *
7  * Author: Laurent Aimar <fenrir@via.ecp.fr>
8  *         Paul Forgey <paulf at aphrodite dot com>
9  *         Gildas Bazin <gbazin@videolan.org>
10  *         Benjamin Pracht <bigben at videolan dot org>
11  *
12  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
13  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
14  * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
15  * (at your option) any later version.
16  *
17  * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
18  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
19  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
20  * GNU General Public License for more details.
21  *
22  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
23  * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
24  * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston MA 02110-1301, USA.
25  *****************************************************************************/
26
27 /*****************************************************************************
28  * Preamble
29  *****************************************************************************/
30 #include <stdlib.h>
31 #include <stdio.h>
32 #include <string.h>
33
34 #include <vlc/vlc.h>
35 #include <vlc/input.h>
36 #include <vlc/vout.h>
37 #include <codecs.h>
38
39 #include <sys/types.h>
40 #include <sys/stat.h>
41 #include <sys/ioctl.h>
42 #include <unistd.h>
43 #include <sys/mman.h>
44 #include <errno.h>
45 #include <fcntl.h>
46
47 /* From GStreamer's v4l plugin:
48  * Because of some really cool feature in video4linux1, also known as
49  * 'not including sys/types.h and sys/time.h', we had to include it
50  * ourselves. In all their intelligence, these people decided to fix
51  * this in the next version (video4linux2) in such a cool way that it
52  * breaks all compilations of old stuff...
53  * The real problem is actually that linux/time.h doesn't use proper
54  * macro checks before defining types like struct timeval. The proper
55  * fix here is to either fuck the kernel header (which is what we do
56  * by defining _LINUX_TIME_H, an innocent little hack) or by fixing it
57  * upstream, which I'll consider doing later on. If you get compiler
58  * errors here, check your linux/time.h && sys/time.h header setup.
59 */
60 #define _LINUX_TIME_H
61
62 #include <linux/videodev.h>
63 #include "videodev_mjpeg.h"
64
65 #include <sys/soundcard.h>
66
67 /*****************************************************************************
68  * Module descriptior
69  *****************************************************************************/
70 static int  Open ( vlc_object_t * );
71 static void Close( vlc_object_t * );
72
73 #define CACHING_TEXT N_("Caching value in ms")
74 #define CACHING_LONGTEXT N_( \
75     "Caching value for V4L captures. This " \
76     "value should be set in milliseconds." )
77 #define VDEV_TEXT N_("Video device name")
78 #define VDEV_LONGTEXT N_( \
79     "Name of the video device to use. " \
80     "If you don't specify anything, no video device will be used.")
81 #define ADEV_TEXT N_("Audio device name")
82 #define ADEV_LONGTEXT N_( \
83     "Name of the audio device to use. " \
84     "If you don't specify anything, no audio device will be used.")
85 #define CHROMA_TEXT N_("Video input chroma format")
86 #define CHROMA_LONGTEXT N_( \
87     "Force the Video4Linux video device to use a specific chroma format " \
88     "(eg. I420 (default), RV24, etc.)")
89 #define FREQUENCY_TEXT N_( "Frequency" )
90 #define FREQUENCY_LONGTEXT N_( \
91     "Frequency to capture (in kHz), if applicable." )
92 #define CHANNEL_TEXT N_( "Channel" )
93 #define CHANNEL_LONGTEXT N_( \
94     "Channel of the card to use (Usually, 0 = tuner, " \
95     "1 = composite, 2 = svideo)." )
96 #define NORM_TEXT N_( "Norm" )
97 #define NORM_LONGTEXT N_( \
98     "Norm of the stream (Automatic, SECAM, PAL, or NTSC)." )
99 #define AUDIO_TEXT N_( "Audio Channel" )
100 #define AUDIO_LONGTEXT N_( \
101     "Audio Channel to use, if there are several audio inputs." )
102 #define WIDTH_TEXT N_( "Width" )
103 #define WIDTH_LONGTEXT N_( "Width of the stream to capture " \
104     "(-1 for autodetect)." )
105 #define HEIGHT_TEXT N_( "Height" )
106 #define HEIGHT_LONGTEXT N_( "Height of the stream to capture " \
107     "(-1 for autodetect)." )
108 #define BRIGHTNESS_TEXT N_( "Brightness" )
109 #define BRIGHTNESS_LONGTEXT N_( \
110     "Brightness of the video input." )
111 #define HUE_TEXT N_( "Hue" )
112 #define HUE_LONGTEXT N_( \
113     "Hue of the video input." )
114 #define COLOUR_TEXT N_( "Color" )
115 #define COLOUR_LONGTEXT N_( \
116     "Color of the video input." )
117 #define CONTRAST_TEXT N_( "Contrast" )
118 #define CONTRAST_LONGTEXT N_( \
119     "Contrast of the video input." )
120 #define TUNER_TEXT N_( "Tuner" )
121 #define TUNER_LONGTEXT N_( "Tuner to use, if there are several ones." )
122 #define SAMPLERATE_TEXT N_( "Samplerate" )
123 #define SAMPLERATE_LONGTEXT N_( \
124     "Samplerate of the captured audio stream, in Hz (eg: 11025, 22050, 44100)" )
125 #define STEREO_TEXT N_( "Stereo" )
126 #define STEREO_LONGTEXT N_( \
127     "Capture the audio stream in stereo." )
128 #define MJPEG_TEXT N_( "MJPEG" )
129 #define MJPEG_LONGTEXT N_(  \
130     "Set this option if the capture device outputs MJPEG" )
131 #define DECIMATION_TEXT N_( "Decimation" )
132 #define DECIMATION_LONGTEXT N_( \
133     "Decimation level for MJPEG streams" )
134 #define QUALITY_TEXT N_( "Quality" )
135 #define QUALITY_LONGTEXT N_( "Quality of the stream." )
136 #define FPS_TEXT N_( "Framerate" )
137 #define FPS_LONGTEXT N_( "Framerate to capture, if applicable " \
138     "(-1 for autodetect)." )
139
140 static int i_norm_list[] =
141     { VIDEO_MODE_AUTO, VIDEO_MODE_SECAM, VIDEO_MODE_PAL, VIDEO_MODE_NTSC };
142 static char *psz_norm_list_text[] =
143     { N_("Automatic"), N_("SECAM"), N_("PAL"),  N_("NTSC") };
144
145 vlc_module_begin();
146     set_shortname( _("Video4Linux") );
147     set_description( _("Video4Linux input") );
148     set_category( CAT_INPUT );
149     set_subcategory( SUBCAT_INPUT_ACCESS );
150
151     add_integer( "v4l-caching", DEFAULT_PTS_DELAY / 1000, NULL,
152                  CACHING_TEXT, CACHING_LONGTEXT, VLC_TRUE );
153     add_string( "v4l-vdev", "/dev/video", 0, VDEV_TEXT, VDEV_LONGTEXT,
154                 VLC_FALSE );
155     add_string( "v4l-adev", "/dev/dsp", 0, ADEV_TEXT, ADEV_LONGTEXT,
156                 VLC_FALSE );
157     add_string( "v4l-chroma", NULL, NULL, CHROMA_TEXT, CHROMA_LONGTEXT,
158                 VLC_TRUE );
159     add_float( "v4l-fps", -1.0, NULL, FPS_TEXT, FPS_LONGTEXT, VLC_TRUE );
160     add_integer( "v4l-samplerate", 44100, NULL, SAMPLERATE_TEXT,
161                 SAMPLERATE_LONGTEXT, VLC_TRUE );
162     add_integer( "v4l-channel", 0, NULL, CHANNEL_TEXT, CHANNEL_LONGTEXT,
163                 VLC_TRUE );
164     add_integer( "v4l-tuner", -1, NULL, TUNER_TEXT, TUNER_LONGTEXT, VLC_TRUE );
165     add_integer( "v4l-norm", VIDEO_MODE_AUTO, NULL, NORM_TEXT, NORM_LONGTEXT,
166                 VLC_FALSE );
167         change_integer_list( i_norm_list, psz_norm_list_text, 0 );
168     add_integer( "v4l-frequency", -1, NULL, FREQUENCY_TEXT, FREQUENCY_LONGTEXT,
169                 VLC_FALSE );
170     add_integer( "v4l-audio", -1, NULL, AUDIO_TEXT, AUDIO_LONGTEXT, VLC_TRUE );
171     add_bool( "v4l-stereo", VLC_TRUE, NULL, STEREO_TEXT, STEREO_LONGTEXT,
172             VLC_TRUE );
173     add_integer( "v4l-width", 0, NULL, WIDTH_TEXT, WIDTH_LONGTEXT, VLC_TRUE );
174     add_integer( "v4l-height", 0, NULL, HEIGHT_TEXT, HEIGHT_LONGTEXT,
175                 VLC_TRUE );
176     add_integer( "v4l-brightness", -1, NULL, BRIGHTNESS_TEXT,
177                 BRIGHTNESS_LONGTEXT, VLC_TRUE );
178     add_integer( "v4l-colour", -1, NULL, COLOUR_TEXT, COLOUR_LONGTEXT,
179                 VLC_TRUE );
180     add_integer( "v4l-hue", -1, NULL, HUE_TEXT, HUE_LONGTEXT, VLC_TRUE );
181     add_integer( "v4l-contrast", -1, NULL, CONTRAST_TEXT, CONTRAST_LONGTEXT,
182                 VLC_TRUE );
183     add_bool( "v4l-mjpeg", VLC_FALSE, NULL, MJPEG_TEXT, MJPEG_LONGTEXT,
184             VLC_TRUE );
185     add_integer( "v4l-decimation", 1, NULL, DECIMATION_TEXT,
186             DECIMATION_LONGTEXT, VLC_TRUE );
187     add_integer( "v4l-quality", 100, NULL, QUALITY_TEXT, QUALITY_LONGTEXT,
188             VLC_TRUE );
189
190     add_shortcut( "v4l" );
191     set_capability( "access_demux", 10 );
192     set_callbacks( Open, Close );
193 vlc_module_end();
194
195 /*****************************************************************************
196  * Access: local prototypes
197  *****************************************************************************/
198 static int Demux  ( demux_t * );
199 static int Control( demux_t *, int, va_list );
200
201 static void ParseMRL    ( demux_t * );
202 static int  OpenVideoDev( demux_t *, char * );
203 static int  OpenAudioDev( demux_t *, char * );
204
205 static block_t *GrabAudio( demux_t * );
206 static block_t *GrabVideo( demux_t * );
207
208 #define MJPEG_BUFFER_SIZE (256*1024)
209
210 struct quicktime_mjpeg_app1
211 {
212     uint32_t    i_reserved;             /* set to 0 */
213     uint32_t    i_tag;                  /* 'mjpg' */
214     uint32_t    i_field_size;           /* offset following EOI */
215     uint32_t    i_padded_field_size;    /* offset following EOI+pad */
216     uint32_t    i_next_field;           /* offset to next field */
217     uint32_t    i_DQT_offset;
218     uint32_t    i_DHT_offset;
219     uint32_t    i_SOF_offset;
220     uint32_t    i_SOS_offset;
221     uint32_t    i_data_offset;          /* following SOS marker data */
222 };
223
224 static struct
225 {
226     int i_v4l;
227     int i_fourcc;
228
229 } v4lchroma_to_fourcc[] =
230 {
231     { VIDEO_PALETTE_GREY, VLC_FOURCC( 'G', 'R', 'E', 'Y' ) },
232     { VIDEO_PALETTE_HI240, VLC_FOURCC( 'I', '2', '4', '0' ) },
233     { VIDEO_PALETTE_RGB565, VLC_FOURCC( 'R', 'V', '1', '6' ) },
234     { VIDEO_PALETTE_RGB555, VLC_FOURCC( 'R', 'V', '1', '5' ) },
235     { VIDEO_PALETTE_RGB24, VLC_FOURCC( 'R', 'V', '2', '4' ) },
236     { VIDEO_PALETTE_RGB32, VLC_FOURCC( 'R', 'V', '3', '2' ) },
237     { VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV422, VLC_FOURCC( 'I', '4', '2', '2' ) },
238     { VIDEO_PALETTE_YUYV, VLC_FOURCC( 'Y', 'U', 'Y', 'V' ) },
239     { VIDEO_PALETTE_UYVY, VLC_FOURCC( 'U', 'Y', 'V', 'Y' ) },
240     { VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV420, VLC_FOURCC( 'I', '4', '2', 'N' ) },
241     { VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV411, VLC_FOURCC( 'I', '4', '1', 'N' ) },
242     { VIDEO_PALETTE_RAW, VLC_FOURCC( 'G', 'R', 'A', 'W' ) },
243     { VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV422P, VLC_FOURCC( 'I', '4', '2', '2' ) },
244     { VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV420P, VLC_FOURCC( 'I', '4', '2', '0' ) },
245     { VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV411P, VLC_FOURCC( 'I', '4', '1', '1' ) },
246     { 0, 0 }
247 };
248
249 struct demux_sys_t
250 {
251     /* Devices */
252     char *psz_device;         /* Main device from MRL, can be video or audio */
253
254     char *psz_vdev;
255     int  fd_video;
256
257     char *psz_adev;
258     int  fd_audio;
259
260     /* Video properties */
261     picture_t pic;
262
263     int i_fourcc;
264     int i_channel;
265     int i_audio;
266     int i_norm;
267     int i_tuner;
268     int i_frequency;
269     int i_width;
270     int i_height;
271
272     int i_brightness;
273     int i_hue;
274     int i_colour;
275     int i_contrast;
276
277     float f_fps;            /* <= 0.0 mean to grab at full rate */
278     mtime_t i_video_pts;    /* only used when f_fps > 0 */
279
280     vlc_bool_t b_mjpeg;
281     int i_decimation;
282     int i_quality;
283
284     struct video_capability vid_cap;
285     struct video_mbuf       vid_mbuf;
286     struct mjpeg_requestbuffers mjpeg_buffers;
287
288     uint8_t *p_video_mmap;
289     int     i_frame_pos;
290
291     struct video_mmap   vid_mmap;
292     struct video_picture vid_picture;
293
294     int          i_video_frame_size;
295     es_out_id_t  *p_es_video;
296
297     /* Audio properties */
298     vlc_fourcc_t i_acodec_raw;
299     int          i_sample_rate;
300     vlc_bool_t   b_stereo;
301     int          i_audio_max_frame_size;
302     block_t      *p_block_audio;
303     es_out_id_t  *p_es_audio;
304 };
305
306 /*****************************************************************************
307  * Open: opens v4l device
308  *****************************************************************************
309  *
310  * url: <video device>::::
311  *
312  *****************************************************************************/
313 static int Open( vlc_object_t *p_this )
314 {
315     demux_t     *p_demux = (demux_t*)p_this;
316     demux_sys_t *p_sys;
317     vlc_value_t val;
318
319     /* Only when selected */
320     if( *p_demux->psz_access == '\0' )
321         return VLC_EGENERIC;
322
323     /* Set up p_demux */
324     p_demux->pf_demux = Demux;
325     p_demux->pf_control = Control;
326     p_demux->info.i_update = 0;
327     p_demux->info.i_title = 0;
328     p_demux->info.i_seekpoint = 0;
329     p_demux->p_sys = p_sys = malloc( sizeof( demux_sys_t ) );
330     memset( p_sys, 0, sizeof( demux_sys_t ) );
331
332     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-audio", VLC_VAR_INTEGER | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
333     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-audio", &val );
334     p_sys->i_audio          = val.i_int;
335
336     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-channel", VLC_VAR_INTEGER | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
337     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-channel", &val );
338     p_sys->i_channel        = val.i_int;
339
340     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-norm", VLC_VAR_INTEGER | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
341     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-norm", &val );
342     p_sys->i_norm           = val.i_int;
343
344     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-tuner", VLC_VAR_INTEGER | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
345     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-tuner", &val );
346     p_sys->i_tuner          = val.i_int;
347
348     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-frequency",
349                                     VLC_VAR_INTEGER | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
350     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-frequency", &val );
351     p_sys->i_frequency      = val.i_int;
352
353     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-fps", VLC_VAR_FLOAT | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
354     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-fps", &val );
355     p_sys->f_fps            = val.f_float;
356
357     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-width", VLC_VAR_INTEGER | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
358     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-width", &val );
359     p_sys->i_width          = val.i_int;
360
361     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-height", VLC_VAR_INTEGER | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
362     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-height", &val );
363     p_sys->i_height         = val.i_int;
364
365     p_sys->i_video_pts      = -1;
366
367     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-brightness", VLC_VAR_INTEGER |
368                                                         VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
369     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-brightness", &val );
370     p_sys->i_brightness     = val.i_int;
371
372     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-hue", VLC_VAR_INTEGER | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
373     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-hue", &val );
374     p_sys->i_hue            = -1;
375
376     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-colour", VLC_VAR_INTEGER | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
377     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-colour", &val );
378     p_sys->i_colour         = val.i_int;
379
380     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-contrast", VLC_VAR_INTEGER | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
381     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-contrast", &val );
382     p_sys->i_contrast       = val.i_int;
383
384     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-mjpeg", VLC_VAR_BOOL | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
385     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-mjpeg", &val );
386     p_sys->b_mjpeg     = val.b_bool;
387
388     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-decimation", VLC_VAR_INTEGER |
389                                                             VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
390     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-decimation", &val );
391     p_sys->i_decimation = val.i_int;
392
393     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-quality", VLC_VAR_INTEGER | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
394     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-quality", &val );
395     p_sys->i_quality = val.i_int;
396
397     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-samplerate",
398                                     VLC_VAR_INTEGER | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
399     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-samplerate", &val );
400     p_sys->i_sample_rate  = val.i_int;
401
402     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-stereo", VLC_VAR_BOOL | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
403     var_Get( p_demux, "v4l-stereo", &val );
404     p_sys->b_stereo       = val.b_bool;
405
406     p_sys->psz_device = p_sys->psz_vdev = p_sys->psz_adev = NULL;
407     p_sys->fd_video = -1;
408     p_sys->fd_audio = -1;
409
410     p_sys->p_es_video = p_sys->p_es_audio = 0;
411     p_sys->p_block_audio = 0;
412
413     ParseMRL( p_demux );
414
415     /* Find main device (video or audio) */
416     if( p_sys->psz_device && *p_sys->psz_device )
417     {
418         msg_Dbg( p_demux, "main device=`%s'", p_sys->psz_device );
419
420         /* Try to open as video device */
421         p_sys->fd_video = OpenVideoDev( p_demux, p_sys->psz_device );
422
423         if( p_sys->fd_video < 0 )
424         {
425             /* Try to open as audio device */
426             p_sys->fd_audio = OpenAudioDev( p_demux, p_sys->psz_device );
427             if( p_sys->fd_audio >= 0 )
428             {
429                 if( p_sys->psz_adev ) free( p_sys->psz_adev );
430                 p_sys->psz_adev = p_sys->psz_device;
431                 p_sys->psz_device = NULL;
432             }
433         }
434         else
435         {
436             if( p_sys->psz_vdev ) free( p_sys->psz_vdev );
437             p_sys->psz_vdev = p_sys->psz_device;
438             p_sys->psz_device = NULL;
439         }
440     }
441
442     /* If no device opened, only continue if the access was forced */
443     if( p_sys->fd_video < 0 && p_sys->fd_audio < 0 )
444     {
445         if( strcmp( p_demux->psz_access, "v4l" ) )
446         {
447             Close( p_this );
448             return VLC_EGENERIC;
449         }
450     }
451
452     /* Find video device */
453     if( p_sys->fd_video < 0 )
454     {
455         if( !p_sys->psz_vdev || !*p_sys->psz_vdev )
456         {
457             if( p_sys->psz_vdev ) free( p_sys->psz_vdev );
458             p_sys->psz_vdev = var_CreateGetString( p_demux, "v4l-vdev" );;
459         }
460
461         if( p_sys->psz_vdev && *p_sys->psz_vdev )
462         {
463             p_sys->fd_video = OpenVideoDev( p_demux, p_sys->psz_vdev );
464         }
465     }
466
467     /* Find audio device */
468     if( p_sys->fd_audio < 0 )
469     {
470         if( !p_sys->psz_adev || !*p_sys->psz_adev )
471         {
472             if( p_sys->psz_adev ) free( p_sys->psz_adev );
473             p_sys->psz_adev = var_CreateGetString( p_demux, "v4l-adev" );;
474         }
475
476         if( p_sys->psz_adev && *p_sys->psz_adev )
477         {
478             p_sys->fd_audio = OpenAudioDev( p_demux, p_sys->psz_adev );
479         }
480     }
481
482     if( p_sys->fd_video < 0 && p_sys->fd_audio < 0 )
483     {
484         Close( p_this );
485         return VLC_EGENERIC;
486     }
487
488     msg_Dbg( p_demux, "v4l grabbing started" );
489
490     /* Declare elementary streams */
491     if( p_sys->fd_video >= 0 )
492     {
493         es_format_t fmt;
494         es_format_Init( &fmt, VIDEO_ES, p_sys->i_fourcc );
495         fmt.video.i_width  = p_sys->i_width;
496         fmt.video.i_height = p_sys->i_height;
497         fmt.video.i_aspect = 4 * VOUT_ASPECT_FACTOR / 3;
498
499         /* Setup rgb mask for RGB formats */
500         if( p_sys->i_fourcc == VLC_FOURCC('R','V','2','4') )
501         {
502             /* This is in BGR format */
503             fmt.video.i_bmask = 0x00ff0000;
504             fmt.video.i_gmask = 0x0000ff00;
505             fmt.video.i_rmask = 0x000000ff;
506         }
507
508         msg_Dbg( p_demux, "added new video es %4.4s %dx%d",
509                  (char*)&fmt.i_codec, fmt.video.i_width, fmt.video.i_height );
510         p_sys->p_es_video = es_out_Add( p_demux->out, &fmt );
511     }
512
513     if( p_sys->fd_audio >= 0 )
514     {
515         es_format_t fmt;
516         es_format_Init( &fmt, AUDIO_ES, VLC_FOURCC('a','r','a','w') );
517
518         fmt.audio.i_channels = p_sys->b_stereo ? 2 : 1;
519         fmt.audio.i_rate = p_sys->i_sample_rate;
520         fmt.audio.i_bitspersample = 16; // FIXME ?
521         fmt.audio.i_blockalign = fmt.audio.i_channels *
522             fmt.audio.i_bitspersample / 8;
523         fmt.i_bitrate = fmt.audio.i_channels * fmt.audio.i_rate *
524             fmt.audio.i_bitspersample;
525
526         msg_Dbg( p_demux, "new audio es %d channels %dHz",
527                  fmt.audio.i_channels, fmt.audio.i_rate );
528
529         p_sys->p_es_audio = es_out_Add( p_demux->out, &fmt );
530     }
531
532     /* Update default_pts to a suitable value for access */
533     var_Create( p_demux, "v4l-caching", VLC_VAR_INTEGER | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
534
535     return VLC_SUCCESS;
536 }
537
538 /*****************************************************************************
539  * Close: close device, free resources
540  *****************************************************************************/
541 static void Close( vlc_object_t *p_this )
542 {
543     demux_t     *p_demux = (demux_t *)p_this;
544     demux_sys_t *p_sys   = p_demux->p_sys;
545
546     if( p_sys->psz_device ) free( p_sys->psz_device );
547     if( p_sys->psz_vdev )   free( p_sys->psz_vdev );
548     if( p_sys->psz_adev )   free( p_sys->psz_adev );
549     if( p_sys->fd_video >= 0 ) close( p_sys->fd_video );
550     if( p_sys->fd_audio >= 0 ) close( p_sys->fd_audio );
551     if( p_sys->p_block_audio ) block_Release( p_sys->p_block_audio );
552
553     if( p_sys->b_mjpeg )
554     {
555         int i_noframe = -1;
556         ioctl( p_sys->fd_video, MJPIOC_QBUF_CAPT, &i_noframe );
557     }
558
559     if( p_sys->p_video_mmap && p_sys->p_video_mmap != MAP_FAILED )
560     {
561         if( p_sys->b_mjpeg )
562             munmap( p_sys->p_video_mmap, p_sys->mjpeg_buffers.size *
563                     p_sys->mjpeg_buffers.count );
564         else
565             munmap( p_sys->p_video_mmap, p_sys->vid_mbuf.size );
566     }
567
568     free( p_sys );
569 }
570
571 /*****************************************************************************
572  * Control:
573  *****************************************************************************/
574 static int Control( demux_t *p_demux, int i_query, va_list args )
575 {
576     vlc_bool_t *pb;
577     int64_t    *pi64;
578
579     switch( i_query )
580     {
581         /* Special for access_demux */
582         case DEMUX_CAN_PAUSE:
583         case DEMUX_SET_PAUSE_STATE:
584         case DEMUX_CAN_CONTROL_PACE:
585             pb = (vlc_bool_t*)va_arg( args, vlc_bool_t * );
586             *pb = VLC_FALSE;
587             return VLC_SUCCESS;
588
589         case DEMUX_GET_PTS_DELAY:
590             pi64 = (int64_t*)va_arg( args, int64_t * );
591             *pi64 = (int64_t)var_GetInteger( p_demux, "v4l-caching" ) * 1000;
592             return VLC_SUCCESS;
593
594         case DEMUX_GET_TIME:
595             pi64 = (int64_t*)va_arg( args, int64_t * );
596             *pi64 = mdate();
597             return VLC_SUCCESS;
598
599         /* TODO implement others */
600         default:
601             return VLC_EGENERIC;
602     }
603
604     return VLC_EGENERIC;
605 }
606
607 /*****************************************************************************
608  * Demux:
609  *****************************************************************************/
610 static int Demux( demux_t *p_demux )
611 {
612     demux_sys_t *p_sys = p_demux->p_sys;
613     es_out_id_t  *p_es = p_sys->p_es_audio;
614     block_t *p_block = NULL;
615
616     /* Try grabbing audio frames first */
617     if( p_sys->fd_audio < 0 || !( p_block = GrabAudio( p_demux ) ) )
618     {
619         /* Try grabbing video frame */
620         p_es = p_sys->p_es_video;
621         if( p_sys->fd_video > 0 ) p_block = GrabVideo( p_demux );
622     }
623
624     if( !p_block )
625     {
626         /* Sleep so we do not consume all the cpu, 10ms seems
627          * like a good value (100fps) */
628         msleep( 10000 );
629         return 1;
630     }
631
632     es_out_Control( p_demux->out, ES_OUT_SET_PCR, p_block->i_pts );
633     es_out_Send( p_demux->out, p_es, p_block );
634
635     return 1;
636 }
637
638 /*****************************************************************************
639  * ParseMRL: parse the options contained in the MRL
640  *****************************************************************************/
641 static void ParseMRL( demux_t *p_demux )
642 {
643     demux_sys_t *p_sys = p_demux->p_sys;
644
645     char *psz_dup = strdup( p_demux->psz_path );
646     char *psz_parser = psz_dup;
647
648     while( *psz_parser && *psz_parser != ':' )
649     {
650         psz_parser++;
651     }
652
653     if( *psz_parser == ':' )
654     {
655         /* read options */
656         for( ;; )
657         {
658             *psz_parser++ = '\0';
659             if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "channel=", strlen( "channel=" ) ) )
660             {
661                 p_sys->i_channel = strtol( psz_parser + strlen( "channel=" ),
662                                            &psz_parser, 0 );
663             }
664             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "norm=", strlen( "norm=" ) ) )
665             {
666                 psz_parser += strlen( "norm=" );
667                 if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "pal", strlen( "pal" ) ) )
668                 {
669                     p_sys->i_norm = VIDEO_MODE_PAL;
670                     psz_parser += strlen( "pal" );
671                 }
672                 else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "ntsc", strlen( "ntsc" ) ) )
673                 {
674                     p_sys->i_norm = VIDEO_MODE_NTSC;
675                     psz_parser += strlen( "ntsc" );
676                 }
677                 else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "secam", strlen( "secam" ) ) )
678                 {
679                     p_sys->i_norm = VIDEO_MODE_SECAM;
680                     psz_parser += strlen( "secam" );
681                 }
682                 else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "auto", strlen( "auto" ) ) )
683                 {
684                     p_sys->i_norm = VIDEO_MODE_AUTO;
685                     psz_parser += strlen( "auto" );
686                 }
687                 else
688                 {
689                     p_sys->i_norm = strtol( psz_parser, &psz_parser, 0 );
690                 }
691             }
692             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "frequency=",
693                                strlen( "frequency=" ) ) )
694             {
695                 p_sys->i_frequency =
696                     strtol( psz_parser + strlen( "frequency=" ),
697                             &psz_parser, 0 );
698                 if( p_sys->i_frequency < 30000 )
699                 {
700                     msg_Warn( p_demux, "v4l syntax has changed : "
701                               "'frequency' is now channel frequency in kHz");
702                 }
703             }
704             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "audio=", strlen( "audio=" ) ) )
705             {
706                 p_sys->i_audio = strtol( psz_parser + strlen( "audio=" ),
707                                          &psz_parser, 0 );
708             }
709             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "size=", strlen( "size=" ) ) )
710             {
711                 psz_parser += strlen( "size=" );
712                 if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "subqcif", strlen( "subqcif" ) ) )
713                 {
714                     p_sys->i_width  = 128;
715                     p_sys->i_height = 96;
716                 }
717                 else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "qsif", strlen( "qsif" ) ) )
718                 {
719                     p_sys->i_width  = 160;
720                     p_sys->i_height = 120;
721                 }
722                 else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "qcif", strlen( "qcif" ) ) )
723                 {
724                     p_sys->i_width  = 176;
725                     p_sys->i_height = 144;
726                 }
727                 else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "sif", strlen( "sif" ) ) )
728                 {
729                     p_sys->i_width  = 320;
730                     p_sys->i_height = 244;
731                 }
732                 else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "cif", strlen( "cif" ) ) )
733                 {
734                     p_sys->i_width  = 352;
735                     p_sys->i_height = 288;
736                 }
737                 else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "vga", strlen( "vga" ) ) )
738                 {
739                     p_sys->i_width  = 640;
740                     p_sys->i_height = 480;
741                 }
742                 else
743                 {
744                     /* widthxheight */
745                     p_sys->i_width = strtol( psz_parser, &psz_parser, 0 );
746                     if( *psz_parser == 'x' || *psz_parser == 'X')
747                     {
748                         p_sys->i_height = strtol( psz_parser + 1,
749                                                   &psz_parser, 0 );
750                     }
751                     msg_Dbg( p_demux, "WxH %dx%d", p_sys->i_width,
752                              p_sys->i_height );
753                 }
754             }
755             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "brightness=", strlen( "brightness=" ) ) )
756             {
757                 p_sys->i_brightness = strtol( psz_parser + strlen( "brightness=" ),
758                                               &psz_parser, 0 );
759             }
760             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "colour=", strlen( "colour=" ) ) )
761             {
762                 p_sys->i_colour = strtol( psz_parser + strlen( "colour=" ),
763                                           &psz_parser, 0 );
764             }
765             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "hue=", strlen( "hue=" ) ) )
766             {
767                 p_sys->i_hue = strtol( psz_parser + strlen( "hue=" ), 
768                                        &psz_parser, 0 );
769             }
770             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "contrast=", strlen( "contrast=" ) ) )
771             {
772                 p_sys->i_contrast = strtol( psz_parser + strlen( "contrast=" ),
773                                             &psz_parser, 0 );
774             }
775             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "tuner=", strlen( "tuner=" ) ) )
776             {
777                 p_sys->i_tuner = strtol( psz_parser + strlen( "tuner=" ),
778                                          &psz_parser, 0 );
779             }
780             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "adev=", strlen( "adev=" ) ) )
781             {
782                 int  i_len;
783
784                 psz_parser += strlen( "adev=" );
785                 if( strchr( psz_parser, ':' ) )
786                 {
787                     i_len = strchr( psz_parser, ':' ) - psz_parser;
788                 }
789                 else
790                 {
791                     i_len = strlen( psz_parser );
792                 }
793
794                 p_sys->psz_adev = strndup( psz_parser, i_len );
795
796                 psz_parser += i_len;
797             }
798             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "samplerate=",
799                                strlen( "samplerate=" ) ) )
800             {
801                 p_sys->i_sample_rate =
802                     strtol( psz_parser + strlen( "samplerate=" ),
803                             &psz_parser, 0 );
804             }
805             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "stereo", strlen( "stereo" ) ) )
806             {
807                 psz_parser += strlen( "stereo" );
808
809                 p_sys->b_stereo = VLC_TRUE;
810             }
811             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "mono", strlen( "mono" ) ) )
812             {
813                 psz_parser += strlen( "mono" );
814
815                 p_sys->b_stereo = VLC_FALSE;
816             }
817             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "mjpeg", strlen( "mjpeg" ) ) )
818             {
819                 psz_parser += strlen( "mjpeg" );
820
821                 p_sys->b_mjpeg = VLC_TRUE;
822             }
823             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "decimation=",
824                         strlen( "decimation=" ) ) )
825             {
826                 p_sys->i_decimation =
827                     strtol( psz_parser + strlen( "decimation=" ),
828                             &psz_parser, 0 );
829             }
830             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "quality=",
831                         strlen( "quality=" ) ) )
832             {
833                 p_sys->i_quality =
834                     strtol( psz_parser + strlen( "quality=" ),
835                             &psz_parser, 0 );
836             }
837             else if( !strncmp( psz_parser, "fps=", strlen( "fps=" ) ) )
838             {
839                 p_sys->f_fps = strtof( psz_parser + strlen( "fps=" ),
840                                        &psz_parser );
841             }
842             else
843             {
844                 msg_Warn( p_demux, "unknown option" );
845             }
846
847             while( *psz_parser && *psz_parser != ':' )
848             {
849                 psz_parser++;
850             }
851
852             if( *psz_parser == '\0' )
853             {
854                 break;
855             }
856         }
857     }
858
859     if( *psz_dup )
860     {
861         p_sys->psz_device = strdup( psz_dup );
862     }
863     if( psz_dup ) free( psz_dup );
864 }
865
866 /*****************************************************************************
867  * OpenVideoDev:
868  *****************************************************************************/
869 static int OpenVideoDev( demux_t *p_demux, char *psz_device )
870 {
871     demux_sys_t *p_sys = p_demux->p_sys;
872     int i_fd;
873
874     struct video_channel vid_channel;
875     struct mjpeg_params mjpeg;
876     int i;
877
878     if( ( i_fd = open( psz_device, O_RDWR ) ) < 0 )
879     {
880         msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot open device (%s)", strerror( errno ) );
881         goto vdev_failed;
882     }
883
884     if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCGCAP, &p_sys->vid_cap ) < 0 )
885     {
886         msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot get capabilities (%s)", strerror( errno ) );
887         goto vdev_failed;
888     }
889
890     msg_Dbg( p_demux,
891              "V4L device %s %d channels %d audios %d < w < %d %d < h < %d",
892              p_sys->vid_cap.name,
893              p_sys->vid_cap.channels,
894              p_sys->vid_cap.audios,
895              p_sys->vid_cap.minwidth,  p_sys->vid_cap.maxwidth,
896              p_sys->vid_cap.minheight, p_sys->vid_cap.maxheight );
897
898     if( p_sys->i_channel < 0 || p_sys->i_channel >= p_sys->vid_cap.channels )
899     {
900         msg_Dbg( p_demux, "invalid channel, falling back on channel 0" );
901         p_sys->i_channel = 0;
902     }
903     if( p_sys->vid_cap.audios && p_sys->i_audio >= p_sys->vid_cap.audios )
904     {
905         msg_Dbg( p_demux, "invalid audio, falling back with no audio" );
906         p_sys->i_audio = -1;
907     }
908
909     if( p_sys->i_width < p_sys->vid_cap.minwidth ||
910         p_sys->i_width > p_sys->vid_cap.maxwidth )
911     {
912         msg_Dbg( p_demux, "invalid width %i", p_sys->i_width );
913         p_sys->i_width = 0;
914     }
915     if( p_sys->i_height < p_sys->vid_cap.minheight ||
916         p_sys->i_height > p_sys->vid_cap.maxheight )
917     {
918         msg_Dbg( p_demux, "invalid height %i", p_sys->i_height );
919         p_sys->i_height = 0;
920     }
921
922     if( !( p_sys->vid_cap.type & VID_TYPE_CAPTURE ) )
923     {
924         msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot grab" );
925         goto vdev_failed;
926     }
927
928     vid_channel.channel = p_sys->i_channel;
929     if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCGCHAN, &vid_channel ) < 0 )
930     {
931         msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot get channel infos (%s)",
932                           strerror( errno ) );
933         goto vdev_failed;
934     }
935     msg_Dbg( p_demux,
936              "setting channel %s(%d) %d tuners flags=0x%x type=0x%x norm=0x%x",
937              vid_channel.name, vid_channel.channel, vid_channel.tuners,
938              vid_channel.flags, vid_channel.type, vid_channel.norm );
939
940     if( p_sys->i_tuner >= vid_channel.tuners )
941     {
942         msg_Dbg( p_demux, "invalid tuner, falling back on tuner 0" );
943         p_sys->i_tuner = 0;
944     }
945
946     vid_channel.norm = p_sys->i_norm;
947     if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCSCHAN, &vid_channel ) < 0 )
948     {
949         msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot set channel (%s)", strerror( errno ) );
950         goto vdev_failed;
951     }
952
953     if( vid_channel.flags & VIDEO_VC_TUNER )
954     {
955
956         /* set tuner */
957 #if 0
958         struct video_tuner vid_tuner;
959         if( p_sys->i_tuner >= 0 )
960         {
961             vid_tuner.tuner = p_sys->i_tuner;
962             if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCGTUNER, &vid_tuner ) < 0 )
963             {
964                 msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot get tuner (%s)", strerror( errno ) );
965                 goto vdev_failed;
966             }
967             msg_Dbg( p_demux, "tuner %s low=%d high=%d, flags=0x%x "
968                      "mode=0x%x signal=0x%x",
969                      vid_tuner.name, vid_tuner.rangelow, vid_tuner.rangehigh,
970                      vid_tuner.flags, vid_tuner.mode, vid_tuner.signal );
971
972             msg_Dbg( p_demux, "setting tuner %s (%d)",
973                      vid_tuner.name, vid_tuner.tuner );
974
975             /* FIXME FIXME to be checked FIXME FIXME */
976             //vid_tuner.mode = p_sys->i_norm;
977             if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCSTUNER, &vid_tuner ) < 0 )
978             {
979                 msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot set tuner (%s)", strerror( errno ) );
980                 goto vdev_failed;
981             }
982         }
983 #endif
984
985         /* Show a warning if frequency is < than 30000.
986          * User is certainly usint old syntax. */
987
988
989         /* set frequency */
990         if( p_sys->i_frequency >= 0 )
991         {
992             int driver_frequency = p_sys->i_frequency * 16 /1000;
993             if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCSFREQ, &driver_frequency ) < 0 )
994             {
995                 msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot set frequency (%s)",
996                                   strerror( errno ) );
997                 goto vdev_failed;
998             }
999             msg_Dbg( p_demux, "frequency %d (%d)", p_sys->i_frequency,
1000                                                    driver_frequency );
1001         }
1002     }
1003
1004     /* set audio */
1005     if( vid_channel.flags & VIDEO_VC_AUDIO )
1006     {
1007         struct video_audio      vid_audio;
1008
1009         /* XXX TODO volume, balance, ... */
1010         if( p_sys->i_audio >= 0 )
1011         {
1012             vid_audio.audio = p_sys->i_audio;
1013             if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCGAUDIO, &vid_audio ) < 0 )
1014             {
1015                 msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot get audio (%s)", strerror( errno ) );
1016                 goto vdev_failed;
1017             }
1018
1019             /* unmute audio */
1020             vid_audio.flags &= ~VIDEO_AUDIO_MUTE;
1021
1022             if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCSAUDIO, &vid_audio ) < 0 )
1023             {
1024                 msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot set audio (%s)", strerror( errno ) );
1025                 goto vdev_failed;
1026             }
1027         }
1028
1029     }
1030
1031     /* establish basic params with input and norm before feeling width
1032      * or height */
1033     if( p_sys->b_mjpeg )
1034     {
1035         struct quicktime_mjpeg_app1 *p_app1;
1036         int32_t i_offset;
1037
1038         if( ioctl( i_fd, MJPIOC_G_PARAMS, &mjpeg ) < 0 )
1039         {
1040             msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot get mjpeg params (%s)",
1041                               strerror( errno ) );
1042             goto vdev_failed;
1043         }
1044         mjpeg.input = p_sys->i_channel;
1045         mjpeg.norm  = p_sys->i_norm;
1046         mjpeg.decimation = p_sys->i_decimation;
1047
1048         if( p_sys->i_width )
1049             mjpeg.img_width = p_sys->i_width / p_sys->i_decimation;
1050         if( p_sys->i_height )
1051             mjpeg.img_height = p_sys->i_height / p_sys->i_decimation;
1052
1053         /* establish Quicktime APP1 marker while we are here */
1054         mjpeg.APPn = 1;
1055         mjpeg.APP_len = 40;
1056
1057         /* aligned */
1058         p_app1 = (struct quicktime_mjpeg_app1 *)mjpeg.APP_data;
1059         p_app1->i_reserved = 0;
1060         p_app1->i_tag = VLC_FOURCC( 'm','j','p','g' );
1061         p_app1->i_field_size = 0;
1062         p_app1->i_padded_field_size = 0;
1063         p_app1->i_next_field = 0;
1064         /* XXX WARNING XXX */
1065         /* these's nothing magic about these values.  We are dangerously
1066          * assuming the encoder card is encoding mjpeg-a and is not throwing
1067          * in marker tags we aren't expecting.  It's bad enough we have to
1068          * search through the jpeg output for every frame we grab just to
1069          * find the first field's end marker, so we take this risk to boost
1070          * performance.
1071          * This is really something the driver could do for us because this
1072          * does conform to standards outside of Apple Quicktime.
1073          */
1074         i_offset = 0x2e;
1075         p_app1->i_DQT_offset = hton32( i_offset );
1076         i_offset = 0xb4;
1077         p_app1->i_DHT_offset = hton32( i_offset );
1078         i_offset = 0x258;
1079         p_app1->i_SOF_offset = hton32( i_offset );
1080         i_offset = 0x26b;
1081         p_app1->i_SOS_offset = hton32( i_offset );
1082         i_offset = 0x279;
1083         p_app1->i_data_offset = hton32( i_offset );
1084
1085         /* SOF and SOS aren't specified by the mjpeg API because they aren't
1086          * optional.  They will be present in the output. */
1087         mjpeg.jpeg_markers = JPEG_MARKER_DHT | JPEG_MARKER_DQT;
1088
1089         if( ioctl( i_fd, MJPIOC_S_PARAMS, &mjpeg ) < 0 )
1090         {
1091             msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot set mjpeg params (%s)",
1092                               strerror( errno ) );
1093             goto vdev_failed;
1094         }
1095
1096         p_sys->i_width = mjpeg.img_width * mjpeg.HorDcm;
1097         p_sys->i_height = mjpeg.img_height * mjpeg.VerDcm *
1098             mjpeg.field_per_buff;
1099     }
1100
1101     /* fix width/height */
1102     if( !p_sys->b_mjpeg && ( p_sys->i_width == 0 || p_sys->i_height == 0 ) )
1103     {
1104         struct video_window vid_win;
1105
1106         if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCGWIN, &vid_win ) < 0 )
1107         {
1108             msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot get win (%s)", strerror( errno ) );
1109             goto vdev_failed;
1110         }
1111         p_sys->i_width  = vid_win.width;
1112         p_sys->i_height = vid_win.height;
1113
1114         if( !p_sys->i_width || !p_sys->i_height )
1115         {
1116             p_sys->i_width = p_sys->vid_cap.maxwidth;
1117             p_sys->i_height = p_sys->vid_cap.maxheight;
1118         }
1119
1120         if( !p_sys->i_width || !p_sys->i_height )
1121         {
1122             msg_Err( p_demux, "invalid video size (%ix%i)",
1123                      p_sys->i_width, p_sys->i_height );
1124             goto vdev_failed;
1125         }
1126
1127         msg_Dbg( p_demux, "will use %dx%d", p_sys->i_width, p_sys->i_height );
1128     }
1129
1130     if( !p_sys->b_mjpeg )
1131     {
1132         /* set hue/color/.. */
1133         if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCGPICT, &p_sys->vid_picture ) == 0 )
1134         {
1135             struct video_picture vid_picture = p_sys->vid_picture;
1136
1137             if( p_sys->i_brightness >= 0 && p_sys->i_brightness < 65536 )
1138             {
1139                 vid_picture.brightness = p_sys->i_brightness;
1140             }
1141             if( p_sys->i_colour >= 0 && p_sys->i_colour < 65536 )
1142             {
1143                 vid_picture.colour = p_sys->i_colour;
1144             }
1145             if( p_sys->i_hue >= 0 && p_sys->i_hue < 65536 )
1146             {
1147                 vid_picture.hue = p_sys->i_hue;
1148             }
1149             if( p_sys->i_contrast  >= 0 && p_sys->i_contrast < 65536 )
1150             {
1151                 vid_picture.contrast = p_sys->i_contrast;
1152             }
1153             if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCSPICT, &vid_picture ) == 0 )
1154             {
1155                 msg_Dbg( p_demux, "v4l device uses brightness: %d",
1156                          vid_picture.brightness );
1157                 msg_Dbg( p_demux, "v4l device uses colour: %d",
1158                          vid_picture.colour );
1159                 msg_Dbg( p_demux, "v4l device uses hue: %d", vid_picture.hue );
1160                 msg_Dbg( p_demux, "v4l device uses contrast: %d",
1161                          vid_picture.contrast );
1162                 p_sys->vid_picture = vid_picture;
1163             }
1164         }
1165
1166         /* Find out video format used by device */
1167         if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCGPICT, &p_sys->vid_picture ) == 0 )
1168         {
1169             struct video_picture vid_picture = p_sys->vid_picture;
1170             char *psz;
1171             int i;
1172
1173             vid_picture.palette = 0;
1174             p_sys->i_fourcc = 0;
1175
1176             psz = var_CreateGetString( p_demux, "v4l-chroma" );
1177             if( strlen( psz ) >= 4 )
1178             {
1179                 int i_chroma = VLC_FOURCC( psz[0], psz[1], psz[2], psz[3] );
1180
1181                 /* Find out v4l chroma code */
1182                 for( i = 0; v4lchroma_to_fourcc[i].i_v4l != 0; i++ )
1183                 {
1184                     if( v4lchroma_to_fourcc[i].i_fourcc == i_chroma )
1185                     {
1186                         vid_picture.palette = v4lchroma_to_fourcc[i].i_v4l;
1187                         break;
1188                     }
1189                 }
1190             }
1191             free( psz );
1192
1193             if( vid_picture.palette &&
1194                 !ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCSPICT, &vid_picture ) )
1195             {
1196                 p_sys->vid_picture = vid_picture;
1197             }
1198             else
1199             {
1200                 /* Try to set the format to something easy to encode */
1201                 vid_picture.palette = VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV420P;
1202                 if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCSPICT, &vid_picture ) == 0 )
1203                 {
1204                     p_sys->vid_picture = vid_picture;
1205                 }
1206                 else
1207                 {
1208                     vid_picture.palette = VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV422P;
1209                     if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCSPICT, &vid_picture ) == 0 )
1210                     {
1211                         p_sys->vid_picture = vid_picture;
1212                     }
1213                 }
1214             }
1215
1216             /* Find out final format */
1217             for( i = 0; v4lchroma_to_fourcc[i].i_v4l != 0; i++ )
1218             {
1219                 if( v4lchroma_to_fourcc[i].i_v4l == p_sys->vid_picture.palette)
1220                 {
1221                     p_sys->i_fourcc = v4lchroma_to_fourcc[i].i_fourcc;
1222                     break;
1223                 }
1224             }
1225         }
1226         else
1227         {
1228             msg_Err( p_demux, "ioctl VIDIOCGPICT failed" );
1229             goto vdev_failed;
1230         }
1231     }
1232
1233     if( p_sys->b_mjpeg )
1234     {
1235         int i;
1236
1237         p_sys->mjpeg_buffers.count = 8;
1238         p_sys->mjpeg_buffers.size = MJPEG_BUFFER_SIZE;
1239
1240         if( ioctl( i_fd, MJPIOC_REQBUFS, &p_sys->mjpeg_buffers ) < 0 )
1241         {
1242             msg_Err( p_demux, "mmap unsupported" );
1243             goto vdev_failed;
1244         }
1245
1246         p_sys->p_video_mmap = mmap( 0,
1247                 p_sys->mjpeg_buffers.size * p_sys->mjpeg_buffers.count,
1248                 PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, i_fd, 0 );
1249         if( p_sys->p_video_mmap == MAP_FAILED )
1250         {
1251             msg_Err( p_demux, "mmap failed" );
1252             goto vdev_failed;
1253         }
1254
1255         p_sys->i_fourcc  = VLC_FOURCC( 'm','j','p','g' );
1256         p_sys->i_frame_pos = -1;
1257
1258         /* queue up all the frames */
1259         for( i = 0; i < (int)p_sys->mjpeg_buffers.count; i++ )
1260         {
1261             if( ioctl( i_fd, MJPIOC_QBUF_CAPT, &i ) < 0 )
1262             {
1263                 msg_Err( p_demux, "unable to queue frame" );
1264                 goto vdev_failed;
1265             }
1266         }
1267     }
1268     else
1269     {
1270         /* Fill in picture_t fields */
1271         vout_InitPicture( VLC_OBJECT(p_demux), &p_sys->pic, p_sys->i_fourcc,
1272                           p_sys->i_width, p_sys->i_height, p_sys->i_width *
1273                           VOUT_ASPECT_FACTOR / p_sys->i_height );
1274         if( !p_sys->pic.i_planes )
1275         {
1276             msg_Err( p_demux, "unsupported chroma" );
1277             goto vdev_failed;
1278         }
1279         p_sys->i_video_frame_size = 0;
1280         for( i = 0; i < p_sys->pic.i_planes; i++ )
1281         {
1282             p_sys->i_video_frame_size += p_sys->pic.p[i].i_visible_lines *
1283               p_sys->pic.p[i].i_visible_pitch;
1284         }
1285
1286         msg_Dbg( p_demux, "v4l device uses frame size: %i",
1287                  p_sys->i_video_frame_size );
1288         msg_Dbg( p_demux, "v4l device uses chroma: %4.4s",
1289                 (char*)&p_sys->i_fourcc );
1290
1291         /* Allocate mmap buffer */
1292         if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCGMBUF, &p_sys->vid_mbuf ) < 0 )
1293         {
1294             msg_Err( p_demux, "mmap unsupported" );
1295             goto vdev_failed;
1296         }
1297
1298         p_sys->p_video_mmap = mmap( 0, p_sys->vid_mbuf.size,
1299                                     PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED,
1300                                     i_fd, 0 );
1301         if( p_sys->p_video_mmap == MAP_FAILED )
1302         {
1303             /* FIXME -> normal read */
1304             msg_Err( p_demux, "mmap failed" );
1305             goto vdev_failed;
1306         }
1307
1308         /* init grabbing */
1309         p_sys->vid_mmap.frame  = 0;
1310         p_sys->vid_mmap.width  = p_sys->i_width;
1311         p_sys->vid_mmap.height = p_sys->i_height;
1312         p_sys->vid_mmap.format = p_sys->vid_picture.palette;
1313         if( ioctl( i_fd, VIDIOCMCAPTURE, &p_sys->vid_mmap ) < 0 )
1314         {
1315             msg_Warn( p_demux, "%4.4s refused", (char*)&p_sys->i_fourcc );
1316             msg_Err( p_demux, "chroma selection failed" );
1317             goto vdev_failed;
1318         }
1319     }
1320     return i_fd;
1321
1322 vdev_failed:
1323
1324     if( i_fd >= 0 ) close( i_fd );
1325     return -1;
1326 }
1327
1328 /*****************************************************************************
1329  * OpenAudioDev:
1330  *****************************************************************************/
1331 static int OpenAudioDev( demux_t *p_demux, char *psz_device )
1332 {
1333     demux_sys_t *p_sys = p_demux->p_sys;
1334     int i_fd, i_format;
1335
1336     if( (i_fd = open( psz_device, O_RDONLY | O_NONBLOCK )) < 0 )
1337     {
1338         msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot open audio device (%s)", strerror( errno ) );
1339         goto adev_fail;
1340     }
1341
1342     i_format = AFMT_S16_LE;
1343     if( ioctl( i_fd, SNDCTL_DSP_SETFMT, &i_format ) < 0
1344         || i_format != AFMT_S16_LE )
1345     {
1346         msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot set audio format (16b little endian) "
1347                  "(%s)", strerror( errno ) );
1348         goto adev_fail;
1349     }
1350
1351     if( ioctl( i_fd, SNDCTL_DSP_STEREO,
1352                &p_sys->b_stereo ) < 0 )
1353     {
1354         msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot set audio channels count (%s)",
1355                  strerror( errno ) );
1356         goto adev_fail;
1357     }
1358
1359     if( ioctl( i_fd, SNDCTL_DSP_SPEED,
1360                &p_sys->i_sample_rate ) < 0 )
1361     {
1362         msg_Err( p_demux, "cannot set audio sample rate (%s)",
1363                  strerror( errno ) );
1364         goto adev_fail;
1365     }
1366
1367     msg_Dbg( p_demux, "openened adev=`%s' %s %dHz",
1368              psz_device, p_sys->b_stereo ? "stereo" : "mono",
1369              p_sys->i_sample_rate );
1370
1371     p_sys->i_audio_max_frame_size = 6 * 1024;
1372
1373     return i_fd;
1374
1375  adev_fail:
1376
1377     if( i_fd >= 0 ) close( i_fd );
1378     return -1;
1379 }
1380
1381 /*****************************************************************************
1382  * GrabAudio: grab audio
1383  *****************************************************************************/
1384 static block_t *GrabAudio( demux_t *p_demux )
1385 {
1386     demux_sys_t *p_sys = p_demux->p_sys;
1387     struct audio_buf_info buf_info;
1388     int i_read, i_correct;
1389     block_t *p_block;
1390
1391     if( p_sys->p_block_audio ) p_block = p_sys->p_block_audio;
1392     else p_block = block_New( p_demux, p_sys->i_audio_max_frame_size );
1393
1394     if( !p_block )
1395     {
1396         msg_Warn( p_demux, "cannot get block" );
1397         return 0;
1398     }
1399
1400     p_sys->p_block_audio = p_block;
1401
1402     i_read = read( p_sys->fd_audio, p_block->p_buffer,
1403                    p_sys->i_audio_max_frame_size );
1404
1405     if( i_read <= 0 ) return 0;
1406
1407     p_block->i_buffer = i_read;
1408     p_sys->p_block_audio = 0;
1409
1410     /* Correct the date because of kernel buffering */
1411     i_correct = i_read;
1412     if( ioctl( p_sys->fd_audio, SNDCTL_DSP_GETISPACE, &buf_info ) == 0 )
1413     {
1414         i_correct += buf_info.bytes;
1415     }
1416
1417     p_block->i_pts = p_block->i_dts =
1418         mdate() - I64C(1000000) * (mtime_t)i_correct /
1419         2 / ( p_sys->b_stereo ? 2 : 1) / p_sys->i_sample_rate;
1420
1421     return p_block;
1422 }
1423
1424 /*****************************************************************************
1425  * GrabVideo:
1426  *****************************************************************************/
1427 static uint8_t *GrabCapture( demux_t *p_demux )
1428 {
1429     demux_sys_t *p_sys = p_demux->p_sys;
1430     int i_captured_frame = p_sys->i_frame_pos;
1431
1432     p_sys->vid_mmap.frame = (p_sys->i_frame_pos + 1) % p_sys->vid_mbuf.frames;
1433
1434     while( ioctl( p_sys->fd_video, VIDIOCMCAPTURE, &p_sys->vid_mmap ) < 0 )
1435     {
1436         if( errno != EAGAIN )
1437         {
1438             msg_Err( p_demux, "failed capturing new frame" );
1439             return NULL;
1440         }
1441
1442         if( p_demux->b_die )
1443         {
1444             return NULL;
1445         }
1446
1447         msg_Dbg( p_demux, "grab failed, trying again" );
1448     }
1449
1450     while( ioctl(p_sys->fd_video, VIDIOCSYNC, &p_sys->i_frame_pos) < 0 )
1451     {
1452         if( errno != EAGAIN && errno != EINTR )    
1453         {
1454             msg_Err( p_demux, "failed syncing new frame" );
1455             return NULL;
1456         }
1457     }
1458
1459     p_sys->i_frame_pos = p_sys->vid_mmap.frame;
1460     /* leave i_video_frame_size alone */
1461     return p_sys->p_video_mmap + p_sys->vid_mbuf.offsets[i_captured_frame];
1462 }
1463
1464 static uint8_t *GrabMJPEG( demux_t *p_demux )
1465 {
1466     demux_sys_t *p_sys = p_demux->p_sys;
1467     struct mjpeg_sync sync;
1468     uint8_t *p_frame, *p_field, *p;
1469     uint16_t tag;
1470     uint32_t i_size;
1471     struct quicktime_mjpeg_app1 *p_app1 = NULL;
1472
1473     /* re-queue the last frame we sync'd */
1474     if( p_sys->i_frame_pos != -1 )
1475     {
1476         while( ioctl( p_sys->fd_video, MJPIOC_QBUF_CAPT,
1477                                        &p_sys->i_frame_pos ) < 0 )
1478         {
1479             if( errno != EAGAIN && errno != EINTR )
1480             {
1481                 msg_Err( p_demux, "failed capturing new frame" );
1482                 return NULL;
1483             }
1484         }
1485     }
1486
1487     /* sync on the next frame */
1488     while( ioctl( p_sys->fd_video, MJPIOC_SYNC, &sync ) < 0 )
1489     {
1490         if( errno != EAGAIN && errno != EINTR )    
1491         {
1492             msg_Err( p_demux, "failed syncing new frame" );
1493             return NULL;
1494         }
1495     }
1496
1497     p_sys->i_frame_pos = sync.frame;
1498     p_frame = p_sys->p_video_mmap + p_sys->mjpeg_buffers.size * sync.frame;
1499
1500     /* p_frame now points to the data.  fix up the Quicktime APP1 marker */
1501     tag = 0xffd9;
1502     tag = hton16( tag );
1503     p_field = p_frame;
1504
1505     /* look for EOI */
1506     p = memmem( p_field, sync.length, &tag, 2 );
1507
1508     if( p )
1509     {
1510         p += 2; /* data immediately following EOI */
1511         /* UNALIGNED! */
1512         p_app1 = (struct quicktime_mjpeg_app1 *)(p_field + 6);
1513
1514         i_size = ((uint32_t)(p - p_field));
1515         i_size = hton32( i_size );
1516         memcpy( &p_app1->i_field_size, &i_size, 4 );
1517
1518         while( *p == 0xff && *(p+1) == 0xff )
1519             p++;
1520
1521         i_size = ((uint32_t)(p - p_field));
1522         i_size = hton32( i_size );
1523         memcpy( &p_app1->i_padded_field_size, &i_size, 4 );
1524     }
1525
1526     tag = 0xffd8;
1527     tag = hton16( tag );
1528     p_field = memmem( p, sync.length - (size_t)(p - p_frame), &tag, 2 );
1529
1530     if( p_field )
1531     {
1532         i_size = (uint32_t)(p_field - p_frame);
1533         i_size = hton32( i_size );
1534         memcpy( &p_app1->i_next_field, &i_size, 4 );
1535
1536         /* UNALIGNED! */
1537         p_app1 = (struct quicktime_mjpeg_app1 *)(p_field + 6);
1538         tag = 0xffd9;
1539         tag = hton16( tag );
1540         p = memmem( p_field, sync.length - (size_t)(p_field - p_frame),
1541                 &tag, 2 );
1542
1543         if( !p )
1544         {
1545             /* sometimes the second field doesn't have the EOI.  just put it
1546              * there
1547              */
1548             p = p_frame + sync.length;
1549             memcpy( p, &tag, 2 );
1550             sync.length += 2;
1551         }
1552
1553         p += 2;
1554         i_size = (uint32_t)(p - p_field);
1555         i_size = hton32( i_size );
1556         memcpy( &p_app1->i_field_size, &i_size, 4 );
1557         i_size = (uint32_t)(sync.length - (uint32_t)(p_field - p_frame));
1558         i_size = hton32( i_size );
1559         memcpy( &p_app1->i_padded_field_size, &i_size, 4 );
1560     }
1561
1562     p_sys->i_video_frame_size = sync.length;
1563     return p_frame;
1564 }
1565
1566 static block_t *GrabVideo( demux_t *p_demux )
1567 {
1568     demux_sys_t *p_sys = p_demux->p_sys;
1569     uint8_t     *p_frame;
1570     block_t     *p_block;
1571
1572     if( p_sys->f_fps >= 0.1 && p_sys->i_video_pts > 0 )
1573     {
1574         mtime_t i_dur = (mtime_t)((double)1000000 / (double)p_sys->f_fps);
1575
1576         /* Did we wait long enough ? (frame rate reduction) */
1577         if( p_sys->i_video_pts + i_dur > mdate() ) return 0;
1578     }
1579
1580     if( p_sys->b_mjpeg ) p_frame = GrabMJPEG( p_demux );
1581     else p_frame = GrabCapture( p_demux );
1582
1583     if( !p_frame ) return 0;
1584
1585     if( !( p_block = block_New( p_demux, p_sys->i_video_frame_size ) ) )
1586     {
1587         msg_Warn( p_demux, "cannot get block" );
1588         return 0;
1589     }
1590
1591     memcpy( p_block->p_buffer, p_frame, p_sys->i_video_frame_size );
1592     p_sys->i_video_pts = p_block->i_pts = p_block->i_dts = mdate();
1593
1594     return p_block;
1595 }