tools: Add a sidxindex tool
authorMartin Storsjö <martin@martin.st>
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 09:43:34 +0000 (11:43 +0200)
committerMartin Storsjö <martin@martin.st>
Mon, 17 Nov 2014 14:17:07 +0000 (16:17 +0200)
This tool can write an MPD file for fragmented MP4 files with
a sidx index at the start of the file.

Signed-off-by: Martin Storsjö <martin@martin.st>
libavformat/Makefile
tools/sidxindex.c [new file with mode: 0644]

index 7ed53a7..15f205a 100644 (file)
@@ -412,3 +412,4 @@ TOOLS     = aviocat                                                     \
             ismindex                                                    \
             pktdumper                                                   \
             probetest                                                   \
+            sidxindex                                                   \
diff --git a/tools/sidxindex.c b/tools/sidxindex.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..da41d09
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,410 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2014 Martin Storsjo
+ *
+ * This file is part of Libav.
+ *
+ * Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+ * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+ * Lesser General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
+ */
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+
+#include "libavformat/avformat.h"
+#include "libavutil/avstring.h"
+#include "libavutil/intreadwrite.h"
+#include "libavutil/mathematics.h"
+
+static int usage(const char *argv0, int ret)
+{
+    fprintf(stderr, "%s -out foo.mpd file1\n", argv0);
+    return ret;
+}
+
+struct Track {
+    const char *name;
+    int64_t duration;
+    int bitrate;
+    int track_id;
+    int is_audio, is_video;
+    int width, height;
+    int sample_rate, channels;
+    int timescale;
+    char codec_str[30];
+    int64_t sidx_start, sidx_length;
+    int64_t  earliest_presentation;
+    uint32_t earliest_presentation_timescale;
+};
+
+struct Tracks {
+    int nb_tracks;
+    int64_t duration;
+    struct Track **tracks;
+    int multiple_tracks_per_file;
+};
+
+static void set_codec_str(AVCodecContext *codec, char *str, int size)
+{
+    switch (codec->codec_id) {
+    case AV_CODEC_ID_H264:
+        snprintf(str, size, "avc1");
+        if (codec->extradata_size >= 4 && codec->extradata[0] == 1) {
+            av_strlcatf(str, size, ".%02x%02x%02x",
+                        codec->extradata[1], codec->extradata[2], codec->extradata[3]);
+        }
+        break;
+    case AV_CODEC_ID_AAC:
+        snprintf(str, size, "mp4a.40"); // 0x40 is the mp4 object type for AAC
+        if (codec->extradata_size >= 2) {
+            int aot = codec->extradata[0] >> 3;
+            if (aot == 31)
+                aot = ((AV_RB16(codec->extradata) >> 5) & 0x3f) + 32;
+            av_strlcatf(str, size, ".%d", aot);
+        }
+        break;
+    }
+}
+
+static int find_sidx(struct Tracks *tracks, int start_index,
+                     const char *file)
+{
+    int err = 0;
+    AVIOContext *f = NULL;
+    int i;
+
+    if ((err = avio_open2(&f, file, AVIO_FLAG_READ, NULL, NULL)) < 0)
+        goto fail;
+
+    while (!f->eof_reached) {
+        int64_t pos = avio_tell(f);
+        int32_t size, tag;
+
+        size = avio_rb32(f);
+        tag  = avio_rb32(f);
+        if (size < 8)
+            break;
+        if (tag == MKBETAG('s', 'i', 'd', 'x')) {
+            int version, track_id;
+            uint32_t timescale;
+            int64_t earliest_presentation;
+            version = avio_r8(f);
+            avio_rb24(f); /* flags */
+            track_id = avio_rb32(f);
+            timescale = avio_rb32(f);
+            earliest_presentation = version ? avio_rb64(f) : avio_rb32(f);
+            for (i = start_index; i < tracks->nb_tracks; i++) {
+                struct Track *track = tracks->tracks[i];
+                if (!track->sidx_start) {
+                    track->sidx_start  = pos;
+                    track->sidx_length = size;
+                } else if (pos == track->sidx_start + track->sidx_length) {
+                    track->sidx_length = pos + size - track->sidx_start;
+                }
+                if (track->track_id == track_id) {
+                    track->earliest_presentation = earliest_presentation;
+                    track->earliest_presentation_timescale = timescale;
+                }
+            }
+        }
+        if (avio_seek(f, pos + size, SEEK_SET) != pos + size)
+            break;
+    }
+
+fail:
+    if (f)
+        avio_close(f);
+    return err;
+}
+
+static int handle_file(struct Tracks *tracks, const char *file)
+{
+    AVFormatContext *ctx = NULL;
+    int err = 0, i, orig_tracks = tracks->nb_tracks;
+    char errbuf[50], *ptr;
+    struct Track *track;
+
+    err = avformat_open_input(&ctx, file, NULL, NULL);
+    if (err < 0) {
+        av_strerror(err, errbuf, sizeof(errbuf));
+        fprintf(stderr, "Unable to open %s: %s\n", file, errbuf);
+        return 1;
+    }
+
+    err = avformat_find_stream_info(ctx, NULL);
+    if (err < 0) {
+        av_strerror(err, errbuf, sizeof(errbuf));
+        fprintf(stderr, "Unable to identify %s: %s\n", file, errbuf);
+        goto fail;
+    }
+
+    if (ctx->nb_streams < 1) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "No streams found in %s\n", file);
+        goto fail;
+    }
+    if (ctx->nb_streams > 1)
+        tracks->multiple_tracks_per_file = 1;
+
+    for (i = 0; i < ctx->nb_streams; i++) {
+        struct Track **temp;
+        AVStream *st = ctx->streams[i];
+
+        if (st->codec->bit_rate == 0) {
+            fprintf(stderr, "Skipping track %d in %s as it has zero bitrate\n",
+                    st->id, file);
+            continue;
+        }
+
+        track = av_mallocz(sizeof(*track));
+        if (!track) {
+            err = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
+            goto fail;
+        }
+        temp = av_realloc(tracks->tracks,
+                          sizeof(*tracks->tracks) * (tracks->nb_tracks + 1));
+        if (!temp) {
+            av_free(track);
+            err = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
+            goto fail;
+        }
+        tracks->tracks = temp;
+        tracks->tracks[tracks->nb_tracks] = track;
+
+        track->name = file;
+        if ((ptr = strrchr(file, '/')))
+            track->name = ptr + 1;
+
+        track->bitrate   = st->codec->bit_rate;
+        track->track_id  = st->id;
+        track->timescale = st->time_base.den;
+        track->duration  = st->duration;
+        track->is_audio  = st->codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO;
+        track->is_video  = st->codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO;
+
+        if (!track->is_audio && !track->is_video) {
+            fprintf(stderr,
+                    "Track %d in %s is neither video nor audio, skipping\n",
+                    track->track_id, file);
+            av_freep(&tracks->tracks[tracks->nb_tracks]);
+            continue;
+        }
+
+        tracks->duration = FFMAX(tracks->duration,
+                                 av_rescale_rnd(track->duration, AV_TIME_BASE,
+                                                track->timescale, AV_ROUND_UP));
+
+        if (track->is_audio) {
+            track->channels    = st->codec->channels;
+            track->sample_rate = st->codec->sample_rate;
+        }
+        if (track->is_video) {
+            track->width  = st->codec->width;
+            track->height = st->codec->height;
+        }
+        set_codec_str(st->codec, track->codec_str, sizeof(track->codec_str));
+
+        tracks->nb_tracks++;
+    }
+
+    avformat_close_input(&ctx);
+
+    err = find_sidx(tracks, orig_tracks, file);
+
+fail:
+    if (ctx)
+        avformat_close_input(&ctx);
+    return err;
+}
+
+static void write_time(FILE *out, int64_t time, int decimals, enum AVRounding round)
+{
+    int seconds = time / AV_TIME_BASE;
+    int fractions = time % AV_TIME_BASE;
+    int minutes = seconds / 60;
+    int hours = minutes / 60;
+    fractions = av_rescale_rnd(fractions, pow(10, decimals), AV_TIME_BASE, round);
+    seconds %= 60;
+    minutes %= 60;
+    fprintf(out, "PT");
+    if (hours)
+        fprintf(out, "%dH", hours);
+    if (hours || minutes)
+        fprintf(out, "%dM", minutes);
+    fprintf(out, "%d.%0*dS", seconds, decimals, fractions);
+}
+
+static int output_mpd(struct Tracks *tracks, const char *filename)
+{
+    FILE *out;
+    int i, j, ret = 0;
+    struct Track **adaptation_sets_buf[2] = { NULL };
+    struct Track ***adaptation_sets;
+    int nb_tracks_buf[2] = { 0 };
+    int *nb_tracks;
+    int set, nb_sets;
+    int64_t latest_start = 0;
+
+    if (!tracks->multiple_tracks_per_file) {
+        adaptation_sets = adaptation_sets_buf;
+        nb_tracks = nb_tracks_buf;
+        nb_sets = 2;
+        for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
+            adaptation_sets[i] = av_malloc(sizeof(*adaptation_sets[i]) * tracks->nb_tracks);
+            if (!adaptation_sets[i]) {
+                ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
+                goto err;
+            }
+        }
+        for (i = 0; i < tracks->nb_tracks; i++) {
+            int set_index = -1;
+            if (tracks->tracks[i]->is_video)
+                set_index = 0;
+            else if (tracks->tracks[i]->is_audio)
+                set_index = 1;
+            else
+                continue;
+            adaptation_sets[set_index][nb_tracks[set_index]++] = tracks->tracks[i];
+        }
+    } else {
+        adaptation_sets = &tracks->tracks;
+        nb_tracks = &tracks->nb_tracks;
+        nb_sets = 1;
+    }
+
+    out = fopen(filename, "w");
+    if (!out) {
+        ret = AVERROR(errno);
+        perror(filename);
+        return ret;
+    }
+    fprintf(out, "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"utf-8\"?>\n");
+    fprintf(out, "<MPD xmlns:xsi=\"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance\"\n"
+                "\txmlns=\"urn:mpeg:dash:schema:mpd:2011\"\n"
+                "\txmlns:xlink=\"http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink\"\n"
+                "\txsi:schemaLocation=\"urn:mpeg:DASH:schema:MPD:2011 http://standards.iso.org/ittf/PubliclyAvailableStandards/MPEG-DASH_schema_files/DASH-MPD.xsd\"\n"
+                "\tprofiles=\"urn:mpeg:dash:profile:isoff-on-demand:2011\"\n"
+                "\ttype=\"static\"\n");
+    fprintf(out, "\tmediaPresentationDuration=\"");
+    write_time(out, tracks->duration, 1, AV_ROUND_DOWN);
+    fprintf(out, "\"\n");
+    fprintf(out, "\tminBufferTime=\"PT5S\">\n");
+
+    for (i = 0; i < tracks->nb_tracks; i++) {
+        int64_t start = av_rescale_rnd(tracks->tracks[i]->earliest_presentation,
+                                       AV_TIME_BASE,
+                                       tracks->tracks[i]->earliest_presentation_timescale,
+                                       AV_ROUND_UP);
+        latest_start = FFMAX(start, latest_start);
+    }
+    fprintf(out, "\t<Period start=\"");
+    write_time(out, latest_start, 3, AV_ROUND_UP);
+    fprintf(out, "\">\n");
+
+
+    for (set = 0; set < nb_sets; set++) {
+        if (nb_tracks[set] == 0)
+            continue;
+        fprintf(out, "\t\t<AdaptationSet segmentAlignment=\"true\">\n");
+        if (nb_sets == 1) {
+            for (i = 0; i < nb_tracks[set]; i++) {
+                struct Track *track = adaptation_sets[set][i];
+                if (strcmp(track->name, adaptation_sets[set][0]->name))
+                    break;
+                fprintf(out, "\t\t\t<ContentComponent id=\"%d\" contentType=\"%s\" />\n", track->track_id, track->is_audio ? "audio" : "video");
+            }
+        }
+
+        for (i = 0; i < nb_tracks[set]; ) {
+            struct Track *first_track = adaptation_sets[set][i];
+            int width = 0, height = 0, sample_rate = 0, channels = 0, bitrate = 0;
+            fprintf(out, "\t\t\t<Representation id=\"%d\" mimeType=\"video/mp4\" codecs=\"", i);
+            for (j = i; j < nb_tracks[set]; j++) {
+                struct Track *track = adaptation_sets[set][j];
+                if (strcmp(track->name, first_track->name))
+                    break;
+                if (track->is_audio) {
+                    sample_rate = track->sample_rate;
+                    channels = track->channels;
+                }
+                if (track->is_video) {
+                    width = track->width;
+                    height = track->height;
+                }
+                bitrate += track->bitrate;
+                if (j > i)
+                    fprintf(out, ",");
+                fprintf(out, "%s", track->codec_str);
+            }
+            fprintf(out, "\" bandwidth=\"%d\"", bitrate);
+            if (width > 0 && height > 0)
+                fprintf(out, " width=\"%d\" height=\"%d\"", width, height);
+            if (sample_rate > 0)
+                fprintf(out, " audioSamplingRate=\"%d\"", sample_rate);
+            fprintf(out, ">\n");
+            if (channels > 0)
+                fprintf(out, "\t\t\t\t<AudioChannelConfiguration schemeIdUri=\"urn:mpeg:dash:23003:3:audio_channel_configuration:2011\" value=\"%d\" />\n", channels);
+            fprintf(out, "\t\t\t\t<BaseURL>%s</BaseURL>\n", first_track->name);
+            fprintf(out, "\t\t\t\t<SegmentBase indexRange=\"%"PRId64"-%"PRId64"\" />\n", first_track->sidx_start, first_track->sidx_start + first_track->sidx_length - 1);
+            fprintf(out, "\t\t\t</Representation>\n");
+            i = j;
+        }
+        fprintf(out, "\t\t</AdaptationSet>\n");
+    }
+    fprintf(out, "\t</Period>\n");
+    fprintf(out, "</MPD>\n");
+
+    fclose(out);
+err:
+    for (i = 0; i < 2; i++)
+        av_free(adaptation_sets_buf[i]);
+    return ret;
+}
+
+static void clean_tracks(struct Tracks *tracks)
+{
+    int i;
+    for (i = 0; i < tracks->nb_tracks; i++) {
+        av_freep(&tracks->tracks[i]);
+    }
+    av_freep(&tracks->tracks);
+    tracks->nb_tracks = 0;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+    const char *out = NULL;
+    struct Tracks tracks = { 0 };
+    int i;
+
+    av_register_all();
+
+    for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
+        if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-out")) {
+            out = argv[i + 1];
+            i++;
+        } else if (argv[i][0] == '-') {
+            return usage(argv[0], 1);
+        } else {
+            if (handle_file(&tracks, argv[i]))
+                return 1;
+        }
+    }
+    if (!tracks.nb_tracks || !out)
+        return usage(argv[0], 1);
+
+    output_mpd(&tracks, out);
+
+    clean_tracks(&tracks);
+
+    return 0;
+}