fixed ratecontrol & b-frames
authorMichael Niedermayer <michaelni@gmx.at>
Sun, 21 Apr 2002 21:18:17 +0000 (21:18 +0000)
committerMichael Niedermayer <michaelni@gmx.at>
Sun, 21 Apr 2002 21:18:17 +0000 (21:18 +0000)
2pass ratecontrol
fixed hq with 2pass
inceased build num (a few more vars for the rc stuff)
hopefully no new bugs

Originally committed as revision 408 to svn://svn.ffmpeg.org/ffmpeg/trunk

libavcodec/Makefile
libavcodec/avcodec.h
libavcodec/mpegvideo.c
libavcodec/mpegvideo.h
libavcodec/ratecontrol.c [new file with mode: 0644]

index 00d10b7..6afa159 100644 (file)
@@ -6,7 +6,8 @@ LDFLAGS= -g
 OBJS= common.o utils.o mpegvideo.o h263.o jrevdct.o jfdctfst.o \
       mpegaudio.o ac3enc.o mjpeg.o resample.o dsputil.o \
       motion_est.o imgconvert.o imgresample.o msmpeg4.o \
-      mpeg12.o h263dec.o rv10.o mpegaudiodec.o pcm.o simple_idct.o
+      mpeg12.o h263dec.o rv10.o mpegaudiodec.o pcm.o simple_idct.o \
+      ratecontrol.o
 ASM_OBJS=
 
 # currently using libac3 for ac3 decoding
index d4f1302..10ebcae 100644 (file)
@@ -5,8 +5,8 @@
 
 #define LIBAVCODEC_VERSION_INT 0x000406
 #define LIBAVCODEC_VERSION     "0.4.6"
-#define LIBAVCODEC_BUILD       4600
-#define LIBAVCODEC_BUILD_STR   "4600"
+#define LIBAVCODEC_BUILD       4601
+#define LIBAVCODEC_BUILD_STR   "4601"
 
 enum CodecID {
     CODEC_ID_NONE, 
@@ -90,7 +90,9 @@ static const int Motion_Est_QTab[] = { 1, 4, 3, 6, 5, 2 };
 #define CODEC_FLAG_TYPE   0x0040 /* fixed I/P frame type, from avctx->key_frame */
 /* parent program gurantees that the input for b-frame containing streams is not written to 
    for at least s->max_b_frames+1 frames, if this is not set than the input will be copied */
-#define CODEC_FLAG_INPUT_PRESERVED 0x0100 
+#define CODEC_FLAG_INPUT_PRESERVED 0x0100
+#define CODEC_FLAG_PASS1 0x0200  /* use internal 2pass ratecontrol in first  pass mode */
+#define CODEC_FLAG_PASS2 0x0400  /* use internal 2pass ratecontrol in second pass mode */
 
 /* codec capabilities */
 
@@ -139,13 +141,18 @@ typedef struct AVCodecContext {
     int key_frame;    /* true if the previous compressed frame was 
                          a key frame (intra, or seekable) */
     int quality;      /* quality of the previous encoded frame 
-                         (between 1 (good) and 31 (bad)) */
+                         (between 1 (good) and 31 (bad)) 
+                         this is allso used to set the quality in vbr mode
+                         and the per frame quality in CODEC_FLAG_TYPE (second pass mode) */
     float qcompress;  /* amount of qscale change between easy & hard scenes (0.0-1.0)*/
     float qblur;      /* amount of qscale smoothing over time (0.0-1.0) */
     int qmin;         /* min qscale */
     int qmax;         /* max qscale */
     int max_qdiff;    /* max qscale difference between frames */
     int max_b_frames; /* maximum b frames, the output will be delayed by max_b_frames+1 relative to the input */
+    float b_quant_factor;/* qscale factor between ips and b frames */
+    int rc_strategy;
+    int b_frame_strategy;
 
     struct AVCodec *codec;
     void *priv_data;
index d1c7e16..112d684 100644 (file)
@@ -31,8 +31,6 @@
 #endif
 
 static void encode_picture(MpegEncContext *s, int picture_number);
-static void rate_control_init(MpegEncContext *s);
-static int rate_estimate_qscale(MpegEncContext *s);
 static void dct_unquantize_mpeg1_c(MpegEncContext *s, 
                                    DCTELEM *block, int n, int qscale);
 static void dct_unquantize_mpeg2_c(MpegEncContext *s,
@@ -377,10 +375,13 @@ int MPV_encode_init(AVCodecContext *avctx)
     s->max_qdiff= avctx->max_qdiff;
     s->qcompress= avctx->qcompress;
     s->qblur= avctx->qblur;
+    s->b_quant_factor= avctx->b_quant_factor;
     s->avctx = avctx;
     s->aspect_ratio_info= avctx->aspect_ratio_info;
     s->flags= avctx->flags;
     s->max_b_frames= avctx->max_b_frames;
+    s->rc_strategy= avctx->rc_strategy;
+    s->b_frame_strategy= avctx->b_frame_strategy;
     
     if (s->gop_size <= 1) {
         s->intra_only = 1;
@@ -510,8 +511,8 @@ int MPV_encode_init(AVCodecContext *avctx)
         s->non_intra_matrix[i] = default_non_intra_matrix[i];
     }
 
-    /* rate control init */
-    rate_control_init(s);
+    if(ff_rate_control_init(s) < 0)
+        return -1;
 
     s->picture_number = 0;
     s->picture_in_gop_number = 0;
@@ -530,6 +531,9 @@ int MPV_encode_end(AVCodecContext *avctx)
 #ifdef STATS
     print_stats();
 #endif
+
+    ff_rate_control_uninit(s);
+
     MPV_common_end(s);
     if (s->out_format == FMT_MJPEG)
         mjpeg_close(s);
@@ -577,7 +581,6 @@ void MPV_frame_start(MpegEncContext *s)
             s->current_picture[i] = s->aux_picture[i];
         }
     } else {
-        s->last_non_b_pict_type= s->pict_type;
         for(i=0;i<3;i++) {
             /* swap next and last */
             tmp = s->last_picture[i];
@@ -605,6 +608,12 @@ void MPV_frame_end(MpegEncContext *s)
       }
     }
     emms_c();
+    
+    if(s->pict_type!=B_TYPE){
+        s->last_non_b_pict_type= s->pict_type;
+        s->last_non_b_qscale= s->qscale;
+        s->last_non_b_mc_mb_var= s->mc_mb_var;
+    }
 }
 
 /* reorder input for encoding */
@@ -695,25 +704,34 @@ int MPV_encode_picture(AVCodecContext *avctx,
 
     init_put_bits(&s->pb, buf, buf_size, NULL, NULL);
 
-    s->force_input_type= (avctx->flags&CODEC_FLAG_TYPE) ?
-       (avctx->key_frame ? I_TYPE : P_TYPE) : 0;
-    if (!s->intra_only) {
-        /* first picture of GOP is intra */
-        if (s->input_picture_in_gop_number % s->gop_size==0 || s->force_input_type==I_TYPE){
-            s->input_picture_in_gop_number=0;
-            s->input_pict_type = I_TYPE;
-        }else if(s->max_b_frames==0){
-            s->input_pict_type = P_TYPE;
-        }else{
-            if(s->b_frames_since_non_b < s->max_b_frames) //FIXME more IQ
-                s->input_pict_type = B_TYPE;
-            else
+    if(avctx->flags&CODEC_FLAG_TYPE){
+        s->input_pict_type=
+        s->force_input_type= avctx->key_frame ? I_TYPE : P_TYPE;
+    }else if(s->flags&CODEC_FLAG_PASS2){
+        s->input_pict_type=
+        s->force_input_type= s->rc_context.entry[s->input_picture_number].new_pict_type;
+    }else{
+        s->force_input_type=0;
+        if (!s->intra_only) {
+            /* first picture of GOP is intra */
+            if (s->input_picture_in_gop_number % s->gop_size==0){
+                s->input_pict_type = I_TYPE;
+            }else if(s->max_b_frames==0){
                 s->input_pict_type = P_TYPE;
+            }else{
+                if(s->b_frames_since_non_b < s->max_b_frames) //FIXME more IQ
+                    s->input_pict_type = B_TYPE;
+                else
+                    s->input_pict_type = P_TYPE;
+            }
+        } else {
+            s->input_pict_type = I_TYPE;
         }
-    } else {
-        s->input_pict_type = I_TYPE;
     }
 
+    if(s->input_pict_type==I_TYPE)
+        s->input_picture_in_gop_number=0;
+    
     reorder_input(s, pict);
     
     /* output? */
@@ -745,14 +763,19 @@ int MPV_encode_picture(AVCodecContext *avctx,
             mjpeg_picture_trailer(s);
 
         avctx->quality = s->qscale;
+        
+        if(s->flags&CODEC_FLAG_PASS1)
+            ff_write_pass1_stats(s);
     }
 
     s->input_picture_number++;
     s->input_picture_in_gop_number++;
 
     flush_put_bits(&s->pb);
-    s->last_frame_bits= s->frame_bits;
     s->frame_bits  = (pbBufPtr(&s->pb) - s->pb.buf) * 8;
+    if(s->pict_type==B_TYPE) s->pb_frame_bits+= s->frame_bits;
+    else                     s->pb_frame_bits= s->frame_bits;
+
     s->total_bits += s->frame_bits;
     avctx->frame_bits  = s->frame_bits;
 //printf("fcode: %d, type: %d, head: %d, mv: %d, misc: %d, frame: %d, itex: %d, ptex: %d\n", 
@@ -1425,7 +1448,7 @@ static void copy_context_before_encode(MpegEncContext *d, MpegEncContext *s, int
     d->p_count= s->p_count;
     d->skip_count= s->skip_count;
     d->misc_bits= s->misc_bits;
-    d->last_bits= s->last_bits;
+    d->last_bits= 0;
 
     d->mb_skiped= s->mb_skiped;
 }
@@ -1449,7 +1472,6 @@ static void copy_context_after_encode(MpegEncContext *d, MpegEncContext *s, int
     d->p_count= s->p_count;
     d->skip_count= s->skip_count;
     d->misc_bits= s->misc_bits;
-    d->last_bits= s->last_bits;
 
     d->mb_intra= s->mb_intra;
     d->mb_skiped= s->mb_skiped;
@@ -1479,7 +1501,6 @@ static void encode_picture(MpegEncContext *s, int picture_number)
     s->block_wrap[4]=
     s->block_wrap[5]= s->mb_width + 2;
     
-    s->last_mc_mb_var = s->mc_mb_var;
     /* Reset the average MB variance */
     s->avg_mb_var = 0;
     s->mc_mb_var = 0;
@@ -1524,12 +1545,13 @@ static void encode_picture(MpegEncContext *s, int picture_number)
         memset(s->mb_type      , MB_TYPE_INTRA, sizeof(UINT8)*s->mb_width*s->mb_height);
     }
 
-    if(s->avg_mb_var < s->mc_mb_var && s->pict_type != B_TYPE && (!s->force_type) && s->max_b_frames==0){ //FIXME subtract MV bits
-        // FIXME b-frames & scene change detection
-        s->input_pict_type= I_TYPE;
+    if(s->avg_mb_var < s->mc_mb_var && s->pict_type == P_TYPE){ //FIXME subtract MV bits
         s->pict_type= I_TYPE;
-        s->input_picture_in_gop_number=0;
         memset(s->mb_type   , MB_TYPE_INTRA, sizeof(UINT8)*s->mb_width*s->mb_height);
+        if(s->max_b_frames==0){
+            s->input_pict_type= I_TYPE;
+            s->input_picture_in_gop_number=0;
+        }
 //printf("Scene change detected, encoding as I Frame\n");
     }
     
@@ -1550,8 +1572,11 @@ static void encode_picture(MpegEncContext *s, int picture_number)
 
 //    printf("%d %d\n", s->avg_mb_var, s->mc_mb_var);
 
-    if (!s->fixed_qscale) 
-        s->qscale = rate_estimate_qscale(s);
+    if(s->flags&CODEC_FLAG_PASS2)
+        s->qscale = ff_rate_estimate_qscale_pass2(s);
+    else if (!s->fixed_qscale) 
+        s->qscale = ff_rate_estimate_qscale(s);
+
 
     /* precompute matrix */
     if (s->out_format == FMT_MJPEG) {
@@ -1667,6 +1692,7 @@ static void encode_picture(MpegEncContext *s, int picture_number)
                     s->mv[0][0][1] = s->p_mv_table[xy][1];
                     init_put_bits(&s->pb, bit_buf[1], 3000, NULL, NULL);
                     s->block= s->blocks[next_block];
+                    s->last_bits= 0; //done in copy_context_before_encode but we skip that here
 
                     encode_mb(s, s->mv[0][0][0], s->mv[0][0][1]);
                     d= get_bit_count(&s->pb);
@@ -1810,6 +1836,7 @@ static void encode_picture(MpegEncContext *s, int picture_number)
                 copy_context_after_encode(s, &best_s, -1);
                 copy_bits(&pb, bit_buf[best], dmin);
                 s->pb= pb;
+                s->last_bits= get_bit_count(&s->pb);
             } else {
                 int motion_x, motion_y;
                 s->mv_type=MV_TYPE_16X16;
@@ -2190,132 +2217,6 @@ static void dct_unquantize_h263_c(MpegEncContext *s,
     }
 }
 
-/* rate control */
-
-static void rate_control_init(MpegEncContext *s)
-{
-    emms_c();
-
-    //initial values, they dont really matter as they will be totally different within a few frames
-    s->i_pred.coeff= s->p_pred.coeff= 7.0;
-    s->i_pred.count= s->p_pred.count= 1.0;
-    
-    s->i_pred.decay= s->p_pred.decay= 0.4;
-    
-    // use more bits at the beginning, otherwise high motion at the begin will look like shit
-    s->qsum=100;
-    s->qcount=100;
-
-    s->short_term_qsum=0.001;
-    s->short_term_qcount=0.001;
-}
-
-static double predict(Predictor *p, double q, double var)
-{
-    return p->coeff*var / (q*p->count);
-}
-
-static void update_predictor(Predictor *p, double q, double var, double size)
-{
-    double new_coeff= size*q / (var + 1);
-    if(var<1000) return;
-/*{
-int pred= predict(p, q, var);
-int error= abs(pred-size);
-static double sum=0;
-static int count=0;
-if(count>5) sum+=error;
-count++;
-if(256*256*256*64%count==0){
-    printf("%d %f %f\n", count, sum/count, p->coeff);
-}
-}*/
-    p->count*= p->decay;
-    p->coeff*= p->decay;
-    p->count++;
-    p->coeff+= new_coeff;
-}
-
-static int rate_estimate_qscale(MpegEncContext *s)
-{
-    int qmin= s->qmin;
-    int qmax= s->qmax;
-    int rate_q=5;
-    float q;
-    int qscale;
-    float br_compensation;
-    double diff;
-    double short_term_q;
-    double long_term_q;
-    int last_qscale= s->qscale;
-    double fps;
-    INT64 wanted_bits;
-    emms_c();
-
-    fps= (double)s->frame_rate / FRAME_RATE_BASE;
-    wanted_bits= s->bit_rate*(double)s->picture_number/fps;
-
-    
-    if(s->picture_number>2){
-        /* update predictors */
-        if(s->last_pict_type == I_TYPE){
-        //FIXME
-        }else{ //P Frame
-//printf("%d %d %d %f\n", s->qscale, s->last_mc_mb_var, s->frame_bits, s->p_pred.coeff);
-            update_predictor(&s->p_pred, s->qscale, s->last_mc_mb_var, s->frame_bits);
-        }
-    }
-
-    if(s->pict_type == I_TYPE){
-        //FIXME
-        rate_q= s->qsum/s->qcount;
-    }else{ //P Frame
-        int i;
-        int diff, best_diff=1000000000;
-        for(i=1; i<=31; i++){
-            diff= predict(&s->p_pred, i, s->mc_mb_var) - (double)s->bit_rate/fps;
-            if(diff<0) diff= -diff;
-            if(diff<best_diff){
-                best_diff= diff;
-                rate_q= i;
-            }
-        }
-    }
-
-    s->short_term_qsum*=s->qblur;
-    s->short_term_qcount*=s->qblur;
-
-    s->short_term_qsum+= rate_q;
-    s->short_term_qcount++;
-    short_term_q= s->short_term_qsum/s->short_term_qcount;
-    
-    long_term_q= s->qsum/s->qcount*(s->total_bits+1)/(wanted_bits+1); //+1 to avoid nan & 0
-
-//    q= (long_term_q - short_term_q)*s->qcompress + short_term_q;
-    q= 1/((1/long_term_q - 1/short_term_q)*s->qcompress + 1/short_term_q);
-
-    diff= s->total_bits - wanted_bits;
-    br_compensation= (s->bit_rate_tolerance - diff)/s->bit_rate_tolerance;
-    if(br_compensation<=0.0) br_compensation=0.001;
-    q/=br_compensation;
-
-    qscale= (int)(q + 0.5);
-    if     (qscale<qmin) qscale=qmin;
-    else if(qscale>qmax) qscale=qmax;
-    
-    if     (qscale<last_qscale-s->max_qdiff) qscale=last_qscale-s->max_qdiff;
-    else if(qscale>last_qscale+s->max_qdiff) qscale=last_qscale+s->max_qdiff;
-
-    s->qsum+= qscale;
-    s->qcount++;
-
-    s->last_pict_type= s->pict_type;
-//printf("q:%d diff:%d comp:%f rate_q:%d st_q:%f fvar:%d last_size:%d\n", qscale, (int)diff, br_compensation, 
-//       rate_q, short_term_q, s->mc_mb_var, s->frame_bits);
-//printf("%d %d\n", s->bit_rate, (int)fps);
-    return qscale;
-}
-
 AVCodec mpeg1video_encoder = {
     "mpeg1video",
     CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO,
index 24943e5..b0aebe8 100644 (file)
@@ -44,6 +44,24 @@ typedef struct Predictor{
     double decay;
 } Predictor;
 
+typedef struct RateControlEntry{
+    int pict_type;
+    int qscale;
+    int mv_bits;
+    int i_tex_bits;
+    int p_tex_bits;
+    int misc_bits;
+    uint64_t expected_bits;
+    int new_pict_type;
+    float new_qscale;
+}RateControlEntry;
+
+typedef struct RateControlContext{
+    FILE *stats_file;
+    int num_entries;
+    RateControlEntry *entry;
+}RateControlContext;
+
 typedef struct ReorderBuffer{
     UINT8 *picture[3];
     int pict_type;
@@ -78,6 +96,9 @@ typedef struct MpegEncContext {
     int flags;        /* AVCodecContext.flags (HQ, MV4, ...) */
     int force_input_type;/* 0= no force, otherwise I_TYPE, P_TYPE, ... */
     int max_b_frames; /* max number of b-frames for encoding */
+    float b_quant_factor;/* qscale factor between ips and b frames */
+    int rc_strategy;
+    int b_frame_strategy;
     /* the following fields are managed internally by the encoder */
 
     /* bit output */
@@ -121,9 +142,9 @@ typedef struct MpegEncContext {
     int input_pict_type;        /* pict_type prior to reordering of frames */
     int force_type;             /* 0= no force, otherwise I_TYPE, P_TYPE, ... */
     int qscale;                 /* QP */
+    int last_non_b_qscale;     /* QP of last non b frame used for b frame qscale*/
     int pict_type;              /* I_TYPE, P_TYPE, B_TYPE, ... */
-    int last_non_b_pict_type;   /* used for mpeg4 gmc b-frames */
-    int last_pict_type;         /* used for bit rate stuff (needs that to update the right predictor) */
+    int last_non_b_pict_type;   /* used for mpeg4 gmc b-frames & ratecontrol */
     int frame_rate_index;
     /* motion compensation */
     int unrestricted_mv;
@@ -195,7 +216,7 @@ typedef struct MpegEncContext {
     int q_intra_matrix[64];
     int q_non_intra_matrix[64];
     /* identical to the above but for MMX & these are not permutated */
-    UINT16 __align8 q_intra_matrix16[64] ;
+    UINT16 __align8 q_intra_matrix16[64];
     UINT16 __align8 q_non_intra_matrix16[64];
     int block_last_index[6];  /* last non zero coefficient in block */
 
@@ -204,18 +225,19 @@ typedef struct MpegEncContext {
     /* bit rate control */
     int I_frame_bits; //FIXME used in mpeg12 ...
     int avg_mb_var;        /* average MB variance for current frame */
-    int mc_mb_var;     /* motion compensated MB variance for current frame */
-    int last_mc_mb_var;     /* motion compensated MB variance for last frame */
+    int mc_mb_var;         /* motion compensated MB variance for current frame */
+    int last_non_b_mc_mb_var;/* motion compensated MB variance for last non b frame */
     INT64 wanted_bits;
     INT64 total_bits;
-    int frame_bits;      /* bits used for the current frame */
-    int last_frame_bits; /* bits used for the last frame */
+    int frame_bits;        /* bits used for the current frame */
+    int pb_frame_bits;     /* bits of the last b...bp group */
     Predictor i_pred;
     Predictor p_pred;
     double qsum;         /* sum of qscales */
     double qcount;       /* count of qscales */
     double short_term_qsum;   /* sum of recent qscales */
     double short_term_qcount; /* count of recent qscales */
+    RateControlContext rc_context;
 
     /* statistics, used for 2-pass encoding */
     int mv_bits;
@@ -459,3 +481,14 @@ void mjpeg_encode_mb(MpegEncContext *s,
                      DCTELEM block[6][64]);
 void mjpeg_picture_header(MpegEncContext *s);
 void mjpeg_picture_trailer(MpegEncContext *s);
+
+/* rate control */
+int ff_rate_control_init(MpegEncContext *s);
+int ff_rate_estimate_qscale(MpegEncContext *s);
+int ff_rate_estimate_qscale_pass2(MpegEncContext *s);
+void ff_write_pass1_stats(MpegEncContext *s);
+void ff_rate_control_uninit(MpegEncContext *s);
+
+
+
+
diff --git a/libavcodec/ratecontrol.c b/libavcodec/ratecontrol.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..3abddb4
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,405 @@
+/*
+    Copyright (C) 2002 Michael Niedermayer <michaelni@gmx.at>
+
+    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+    the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+    (at your option) any later version.
+
+    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+    GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+    along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+    Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
+*/
+
+#include <inttypes.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+
+#include "common.h" //needed for mpegvideo.h to compile
+#include "dsputil.h" //needed for mpegvideo.h to compile
+#include "avcodec.h"
+#include "mpegvideo.h"
+
+#define STATS_FILE "lavc_stats.txt"
+
+static int init_pass2(MpegEncContext *s);
+
+void ff_write_pass1_stats(MpegEncContext *s){
+    RateControlContext *rcc= &s->rc_context;
+//    fprintf(c->stats_file, "type:%d q:%d icount:%d pcount:%d scount:%d itex:%d ptex%d mv:%d misc:%d fcode:%d bcode:%d\")
+    fprintf(rcc->stats_file, "in:%d out:%d type:%d q:%d itex:%d ptex:%d mv:%d misc:%d fcode:%d bcode:%d\n",
+            s->picture_number, s->input_picture_number - s->max_b_frames, s->pict_type, 
+            s->qscale, s->i_tex_bits, s->p_tex_bits, s->mv_bits, s->misc_bits, s->f_code, s->b_code);
+}
+
+int ff_rate_control_init(MpegEncContext *s)
+{
+    RateControlContext *rcc= &s->rc_context;
+    emms_c();
+
+    if(s->flags&CODEC_FLAG_PASS1){
+        rcc->stats_file= fopen(STATS_FILE, "w");
+        if(!rcc->stats_file){
+            fprintf(stderr, "failed to open " STATS_FILE "\n");
+            return -1;
+        }
+    } else if(s->flags&CODEC_FLAG_PASS2){
+        int size;
+        int i;
+
+        rcc->stats_file= fopen(STATS_FILE, "r");
+        if(!rcc->stats_file){
+            fprintf(stderr, "failed to open " STATS_FILE "\n");
+            return -1;
+        }
+
+        /* find number of pics without reading the file twice :) */
+        fseek(rcc->stats_file, 0, SEEK_END);
+        size= ftell(rcc->stats_file);
+        fseek(rcc->stats_file, 0, SEEK_SET);
+
+        size/= 64; // we need at least 64 byte to store a line ...
+        rcc->entry = (RateControlEntry*)av_mallocz(size*sizeof(RateControlEntry));
+
+        for(i=0; !feof(rcc->stats_file); i++){
+            RateControlEntry *rce;
+            int picture_number;
+            int e;
+            
+            e= fscanf(rcc->stats_file, "in:%d ", &picture_number);
+            rce= &rcc->entry[picture_number];
+            e+=fscanf(rcc->stats_file, "out:%*d type:%d q:%d itex:%d ptex:%d mv:%d misc:%d fcode:%*d bcode:%*d\n",
+                   &rce->pict_type, &rce->qscale, &rce->i_tex_bits, &rce->p_tex_bits, &rce->mv_bits, &rce->misc_bits);
+            if(e!=7){
+                fprintf(stderr, STATS_FILE " is damaged\n");
+                return -1;
+            }
+        }
+        rcc->num_entries= i;
+        
+        if(init_pass2(s) < 0) return -1;
+    }
+     
+    /* no 2pass stuff, just normal 1-pass */
+    //initial values, they dont really matter as they will be totally different within a few frames
+    s->i_pred.coeff= s->p_pred.coeff= 7.0;
+    s->i_pred.count= s->p_pred.count= 1.0;
+    
+    s->i_pred.decay= s->p_pred.decay= 0.4;
+    
+    // use more bits at the beginning, otherwise high motion at the begin will look like shit
+    s->qsum=100 * s->qmin;
+    s->qcount=100;
+
+    s->short_term_qsum=0.001;
+    s->short_term_qcount=0.001;
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+void ff_rate_control_uninit(MpegEncContext *s)
+{
+    RateControlContext *rcc= &s->rc_context;
+    emms_c();
+
+    if(rcc->stats_file) fclose(rcc->stats_file);
+    if(rcc->entry) free(rcc->entry);
+    rcc->stats_file= NULL;
+    rcc->entry= NULL;
+}
+
+//----------------------------------
+// 1 Pass Code
+
+static double predict(Predictor *p, double q, double var)
+{
+     return p->coeff*var / (q*p->count);
+}
+
+static void update_predictor(Predictor *p, double q, double var, double size)
+{
+    double new_coeff= size*q / (var + 1);
+    if(var<1000) return;
+
+    p->count*= p->decay;
+    p->coeff*= p->decay;
+    p->count++;
+    p->coeff+= new_coeff;
+}
+
+int ff_rate_estimate_qscale(MpegEncContext *s)
+{
+    int qmin= s->qmin;
+    int qmax= s->qmax;
+    int rate_q=5;
+    float q;
+    int qscale;
+    float br_compensation;
+    double diff;
+    double short_term_q;
+    double long_term_q;
+    double fps;
+    int picture_number= s->input_picture_number - s->max_b_frames;
+    int64_t wanted_bits;
+    emms_c();
+
+    fps= (double)s->frame_rate / FRAME_RATE_BASE;
+    wanted_bits= (uint64_t)(s->bit_rate*(double)picture_number/fps);
+//    printf("%d %d %d\n", picture_number, (int)wanted_bits, (int)s->total_bits);
+    
+    if(s->pict_type==B_TYPE){
+        qmin= (int)(qmin*s->b_quant_factor+0.5);
+        qmax= (int)(qmax*s->b_quant_factor+0.5);
+    }
+    if(qmin<2) qmin=2;
+    if(qmax>31) qmax=31;
+    if(qmax<=qmin) qmax= qmin;
+
+        /* update predictors */
+    if(picture_number>2){
+        if(s->pict_type!=B_TYPE && s->last_non_b_pict_type == P_TYPE){
+//printf("%d %d %d %f\n", s->qscale, s->last_mc_mb_var, s->frame_bits, s->p_pred.coeff);
+            update_predictor(&s->p_pred, s->last_non_b_qscale, s->last_non_b_mc_mb_var, s->pb_frame_bits);
+        }
+    }
+
+    if(s->pict_type == I_TYPE){
+        short_term_q= s->short_term_qsum/s->short_term_qcount;
+    
+        long_term_q= s->qsum/s->qcount*(s->total_bits+1)/(wanted_bits+1); //+1 to avoid nan & 0
+
+        q= 1/((1/long_term_q - 1/short_term_q)*s->qcompress + 1/short_term_q);
+    }else if(s->pict_type==B_TYPE){
+        q= (int)(s->last_non_b_qscale*s->b_quant_factor+0.5);
+    }else{ //P Frame
+        int i;
+        int diff, best_diff=1000000000;
+        for(i=1; i<=31; i++){
+            diff= predict(&s->p_pred, i, s->mc_mb_var) - (double)s->bit_rate/fps;
+            if(diff<0) diff= -diff;
+            if(diff<best_diff){
+                best_diff= diff;
+                rate_q= i;
+            }
+        }
+        s->short_term_qsum*=s->qblur;
+        s->short_term_qcount*=s->qblur;
+
+        s->short_term_qsum+= rate_q;
+        s->short_term_qcount++;
+        short_term_q= s->short_term_qsum/s->short_term_qcount;
+    
+        long_term_q= s->qsum/s->qcount*(s->total_bits+1)/(wanted_bits+1); //+1 to avoid nan & 0
+
+//    q= (long_term_q - short_term_q)*s->qcompress + short_term_q;
+        q= 1/((1/long_term_q - 1/short_term_q)*s->qcompress + 1/short_term_q);
+    }
+
+    diff= s->total_bits - wanted_bits;
+    br_compensation= (s->bit_rate_tolerance - diff)/s->bit_rate_tolerance;
+    if(br_compensation<=0.0) br_compensation=0.001;
+    q/=br_compensation;
+//printf("%f %f %f\n", q, br_compensation, short_term_q);
+    qscale= (int)(q + 0.5);
+    if     (qscale<qmin) qscale=qmin;
+    else if(qscale>qmax) qscale=qmax;
+    
+    if(s->pict_type!=B_TYPE){
+        s->qsum+= qscale;
+        s->qcount++;
+        if     (qscale<s->last_non_b_qscale-s->max_qdiff) qscale=s->last_non_b_qscale-s->max_qdiff;
+        else if(qscale>s->last_non_b_qscale+s->max_qdiff) qscale=s->last_non_b_qscale+s->max_qdiff;
+    }
+//printf("q:%d diff:%d comp:%f rate_q:%d st_q:%f fvar:%d last_size:%d\n", qscale, (int)diff, br_compensation, 
+//       rate_q, short_term_q, s->mc_mb_var, s->frame_bits);
+//printf("%d %d\n", s->bit_rate, (int)fps);
+    return qscale;
+}
+
+//----------------------------------------------
+// 2-Pass code
+
+static int init_pass2(MpegEncContext *s)
+{
+    RateControlContext *rcc= &s->rc_context;
+    int i;
+    double fps= (double)s->frame_rate / FRAME_RATE_BASE;
+    double complexity[5]={0,0,0,0,0};   // aproximate bits at quant=1
+    double avg_quantizer[5];
+    uint64_t const_bits[5]={0,0,0,0,0}; // quantizer idependant bits
+    uint64_t available_bits[5];
+    uint64_t all_const_bits;
+    uint64_t all_available_bits= (uint64_t)(s->bit_rate*(double)rcc->num_entries/fps);
+    int num_frames[5]={0,0,0,0,0};
+    double rate_factor=0;
+    double step;
+    int last_i_frame=-10000000;
+
+    /* find complexity & const_bits & decide the pict_types */
+    for(i=0; i<rcc->num_entries; i++){
+        RateControlEntry *rce= &rcc->entry[i];
+        
+        if(s->b_frame_strategy==0 || s->max_b_frames==0){
+            rce->new_pict_type= rce->pict_type;
+        }else{
+            int j;
+            int next_non_b_type=P_TYPE;
+
+            switch(rce->pict_type){
+            case I_TYPE:
+                if(i-last_i_frame>s->gop_size/2){ //FIXME this is not optimal
+                    rce->new_pict_type= I_TYPE;
+                    last_i_frame= i;
+                }else{
+                    rce->new_pict_type= P_TYPE; // will be caught by the scene detection anyway
+                }
+                break;
+            case P_TYPE:
+                rce->new_pict_type= P_TYPE;
+                break;
+            case B_TYPE:
+                for(j=i+1; j<i+s->max_b_frames+2 && j<rcc->num_entries; j++){
+                    if(rcc->entry[j].pict_type != B_TYPE){
+                        next_non_b_type= rcc->entry[j].pict_type;
+                        break;
+                    }
+                }
+                if(next_non_b_type==I_TYPE)
+                    rce->new_pict_type= P_TYPE;
+                else
+                    rce->new_pict_type= B_TYPE;
+                break;
+            }
+        }
+
+        complexity[rce->new_pict_type]+= (rce->i_tex_bits+ rce->p_tex_bits)*(double)rce->qscale;
+        const_bits[rce->new_pict_type]+= rce->mv_bits + rce->misc_bits;
+        num_frames[rce->new_pict_type]++;
+    }
+    all_const_bits= const_bits[I_TYPE] + const_bits[P_TYPE] + const_bits[B_TYPE];
+    
+    if(all_available_bits < all_const_bits){
+        fprintf(stderr, "requested bitrate is to low\n");
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+//    avg_complexity= complexity/rcc->num_entries;
+    avg_quantizer[P_TYPE]= 
+    avg_quantizer[I_TYPE]=   (complexity[I_TYPE]+complexity[P_TYPE] + complexity[B_TYPE]/s->b_quant_factor) 
+                           / (all_available_bits - all_const_bits);
+    avg_quantizer[B_TYPE]= avg_quantizer[P_TYPE]*s->b_quant_factor;
+//printf("avg quantizer: %f %f\n", avg_quantizer[P_TYPE], avg_quantizer[B_TYPE]);
+
+    for(i=0; i<5; i++){
+        available_bits[i]= const_bits[i] + complexity[i]/avg_quantizer[i];
+    }
+//printf("%lld %lld %lld %lld\n", available_bits[I_TYPE], available_bits[P_TYPE], available_bits[B_TYPE], all_available_bits);
+    
+    for(step=256*256; step>0.0000001; step*=0.5){
+        uint64_t expected_bits=0;
+        rate_factor+= step;
+        /* find qscale */
+        for(i=0; i<rcc->num_entries; i++){
+            RateControlEntry *rce= &rcc->entry[i];
+            double short_term_q, q, bits_left;
+            const int pict_type= rce->new_pict_type;
+            int qmin= s->qmin;
+            int qmax= s->qmax;
+
+            if(pict_type==B_TYPE){
+                qmin= (int)(qmin*s->b_quant_factor+0.5);
+                qmax= (int)(qmax*s->b_quant_factor+0.5);
+            }
+            if(qmin<2) qmin=2;
+            if(qmax>31) qmax=31;
+            if(qmax<=qmin) qmax= qmin;
+            
+            switch(s->rc_strategy){
+            case 0:
+                bits_left= available_bits[pict_type]/num_frames[pict_type]*rate_factor - rce->misc_bits - rce->mv_bits;
+                if(bits_left<1.0) bits_left=1.0;
+                short_term_q= rce->qscale*(rce->i_tex_bits + rce->p_tex_bits)/bits_left;
+                break;
+            case 1:
+                bits_left= (available_bits[pict_type] - const_bits[pict_type])/num_frames[pict_type]*rate_factor;
+                if(bits_left<1.0) bits_left=1.0;
+                short_term_q= rce->qscale*(rce->i_tex_bits + rce->p_tex_bits)/bits_left;
+                break;
+            case 2:
+                bits_left= available_bits[pict_type]/num_frames[pict_type]*rate_factor;
+                if(bits_left<1.0) bits_left=1.0;
+                short_term_q= rce->qscale*(rce->i_tex_bits + rce->p_tex_bits + rce->misc_bits + rce->mv_bits)/bits_left;
+                break;
+            default:
+                fprintf(stderr, "unknown strategy\n");
+                short_term_q=3; //gcc warning fix
+            }
+
+            if(short_term_q>31.0) short_term_q=31.0;
+            else if (short_term_q<1.0) short_term_q=1.0;
+
+            q= 1/((1/avg_quantizer[pict_type] - 1/short_term_q)*s->qcompress + 1/short_term_q);
+            if     (q<qmin) q=qmin;
+            else if(q>qmax) q=qmax;
+//printf("lq:%f, sq:%f t:%f q:%f\n", avg_quantizer[rce->pict_type], short_term_q, bits_left, q);
+            rce->new_qscale= q;
+        }
+
+        /* smooth curve */
+    
+        /* find expected bits */
+        for(i=0; i<rcc->num_entries; i++){
+            RateControlEntry *rce= &rcc->entry[i];
+            double factor= rce->qscale / rce->new_qscale;
+            
+            rce->expected_bits= expected_bits;
+            expected_bits += (int)(rce->misc_bits + rce->mv_bits + (rce->i_tex_bits + rce->p_tex_bits)*factor + 0.5);
+        }
+
+//        printf("%d %d %f\n", (int)expected_bits, (int)all_available_bits, rate_factor);
+        if(expected_bits > all_available_bits) rate_factor-= step;
+    }
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+int ff_rate_estimate_qscale_pass2(MpegEncContext *s)
+{
+    int qmin= s->qmin;
+    int qmax= s->qmax;
+    float q;
+    int qscale;
+    float br_compensation;
+    double diff;
+    int picture_number= s->picture_number;
+    RateControlEntry *rce= &s->rc_context.entry[picture_number];
+    int64_t wanted_bits= rce->expected_bits;
+    emms_c();
+
+//    printf("%d %d %d\n", picture_number, (int)wanted_bits, (int)s->total_bits);
+    
+    if(s->pict_type==B_TYPE){
+        qmin= (int)(qmin*s->b_quant_factor+0.5);
+        qmax= (int)(qmax*s->b_quant_factor+0.5);
+    }
+    if(qmin<2) qmin=2;
+    if(qmax>31) qmax=31;
+    if(qmax<=qmin) qmax= qmin;
+
+    q= rce->new_qscale;
+
+    diff= s->total_bits - wanted_bits;
+    br_compensation= (s->bit_rate_tolerance - diff)/s->bit_rate_tolerance;
+    if(br_compensation<=0.0) br_compensation=0.001;
+    q/=br_compensation;
+
+    qscale= (int)(q + 0.5);
+    if     (qscale<qmin) qscale=qmin;
+    else if(qscale>qmax) qscale=qmax;
+//    printf("%d %d %d %d type:%d\n", qmin, qscale, qmax, picture_number, s->pict_type); fflush(stdout);
+    return qscale;
+}