Add lensfun filter
authorStephen Seo <seo.disparate@gmail.com>
Fri, 13 Jul 2018 10:33:12 +0000 (19:33 +0900)
committerPaul B Mahol <onemda@gmail.com>
Sun, 15 Jul 2018 08:07:54 +0000 (10:07 +0200)
Lensfun is a library that applies lens correction to an image using a
database of cameras/lenses (you provide the camera and lens models, and
it uses the corresponding database entry's parameters to apply lens
correction). It is licensed under LGPL3.

The lensfun filter utilizes the lensfun library to apply lens
correction to videos as well as images.

This filter was created out of necessity since I wanted to apply lens
correction to a video and the lenscorrection filter did not work for me.

While this filter requires little info from the user to apply lens
correction, the flaw is that lensfun is intended to be used on indvidual
images. When used on a video, the parameters such as focal length is
constant, so lens correction may fail on videos where the camera's focal
length changes (zooming in or out via zoom lens). To use this filter
correctly on videos where such parameters change, timeline editing may
be used since this filter supports it.

Note that valgrind shows a small memory leak which is not from this
filter but from the lensfun library (memory is allocated when loading
the lensfun database but it somehow isn't deallocated even during
cleanup; it is briefly created in the init function of the filter, and
destroyed before the init function returns). This may have been fixed by
the latest commit in the lensfun repository; the current latest release
of lensfun is almost 3 years ago.

Bi-Linear interpolation is used by default as lanczos interpolation
shows more artifacts in the corrected image in my tests.

The lanczos interpolation is derived from lenstool's implementation of
lanczos interpolation. Lenstool is an app within the lensfun repository
which is licensed under GPL3.

v2 of this patch fixes license notice in libavfilter/vf_lensfun.c

v3 of this patch fixes code style and dependency to gplv3 (thanks to
Paul B Mahol for pointing out the mentioned issues).

v4 of this patch fixes more code style issues that were missed in
v3.

v5 of this patch adds line breaks to some of the documentation in
doc/filters.texi (thanks to Gyan Doshi for pointing out the issue).

v6 of this patch fixes more problems (thanks to Moritz Barsnick for
pointing them out).

v7 of this patch fixes use of sqrt() (changed to sqrtf(); thanks to
Moritz Barsnick for pointing this out). Also should be rebased off of
latest master branch commits at this point.

Signed-off-by: Stephen Seo <seo.disparate@gmail.com>
configure
doc/filters.texi
libavfilter/Makefile
libavfilter/allfilters.c
libavfilter/vf_lensfun.c [new file with mode: 0644]

index b1a4dcf..5783407 100755 (executable)
--- a/configure
+++ b/configure
@@ -239,6 +239,7 @@ External library support:
   --enable-libilbc         enable iLBC de/encoding via libilbc [no]
   --enable-libjack         enable JACK audio sound server [no]
   --enable-libkvazaar      enable HEVC encoding via libkvazaar [no]
+  --enable-liblensfun      enable lensfun lens correction [no]
   --enable-libmodplug      enable ModPlug via libmodplug [no]
   --enable-libmp3lame      enable MP3 encoding via libmp3lame [no]
   --enable-libopencore-amrnb enable AMR-NB de/encoding via libopencore-amrnb [no]
@@ -1656,6 +1657,7 @@ EXTERNAL_LIBRARY_NONFREE_LIST="
 
 EXTERNAL_LIBRARY_VERSION3_LIST="
     gmp
+    liblensfun
     libopencore_amrnb
     libopencore_amrwb
     libvmaf
@@ -3353,6 +3355,7 @@ hqdn3d_filter_deps="gpl"
 interlace_filter_deps="gpl"
 kerndeint_filter_deps="gpl"
 ladspa_filter_deps="ladspa libdl"
+lensfun_filter_deps="liblensfun version3"
 lv2_filter_deps="lv2"
 mcdeint_filter_deps="avcodec gpl"
 movie_filter_deps="avcodec avformat"
@@ -6023,6 +6026,7 @@ enabled libgsm            && { for gsm_hdr in "gsm.h" "gsm/gsm.h"; do
                                done || die "ERROR: libgsm not found"; }
 enabled libilbc           && require libilbc ilbc.h WebRtcIlbcfix_InitDecode -lilbc $pthreads_extralibs
 enabled libkvazaar        && require_pkg_config libkvazaar "kvazaar >= 0.8.1" kvazaar.h kvz_api_get
+enabled liblensfun        && require_pkg_config liblensfun lensfun lensfun.h lf_db_new
 # While it may appear that require is being used as a pkg-config
 # fallback for libmfx, it is actually being used to detect a different
 # installation route altogether.  If libmfx is installed via the Intel
index 49895ff..9d8f88d 100644 (file)
@@ -10700,6 +10700,124 @@ The formula that generates the correction is:
 where @var{r_0} is halve of the image diagonal and @var{r_src} and @var{r_tgt} are the
 distances from the focal point in the source and target images, respectively.
 
+@section lensfun
+
+Apply lens correction via the lensfun library (@url{http://lensfun.sourceforge.net/}).
+
+The @code{lensfun} filter requires the camera make, camera model, and lens model
+to apply the lens correction. The filter will load the lensfun database and
+query it to find the corresponding camera and lens entries in the database. As
+long as these entries can be found with the given options, the filter can
+perform corrections on frames. Note that incomplete strings will result in the
+filter choosing the best match with the given options, and the filter will
+output the chosen camera and lens models (logged with level "info"). You must
+provide the make, camera model, and lens model as they are required.
+
+The filter accepts the following options:
+
+@table @option
+@item make
+The make of the camera (for example, "Canon"). This option is required.
+
+@item model
+The model of the camera (for example, "Canon EOS 100D"). This option is
+required.
+
+@item lens_model
+The model of the lens (for example, "Canon EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM"). This
+option is required.
+
+@item mode
+The type of correction to apply. The following values are valid options:
+
+@table @samp
+@item vignetting
+Enables fixing lens vignetting.
+
+@item geometry
+Enables fixing lens geometry. This is the default.
+
+@item subpixel
+Enables fixing chromatic aberrations.
+
+@item vig_geo
+Enables fixing lens vignetting and lens geometry.
+
+@item vig_subpixel
+Enables fixing lens vignetting and chromatic aberrations.
+
+@item distortion
+Enables fixing both lens geometry and chromatic aberrations.
+
+@item all
+Enables all possible corrections.
+
+@end table
+@item focal_length
+The focal length of the image/video (zoom; expected constant for video). For
+example, a 18--55mm lens has focal length range of [18--55], so a value in that
+range should be chosen when using that lens. Default 18.
+
+@item aperture
+The aperture of the image/video (expected constant for video). Note that
+aperture is only used for vignetting correction. Default 3.5.
+
+@item focus_distance
+The focus distance of the image/video (expected constant for video). Note that
+focus distance is only used for vignetting and only slightly affects the
+vignetting correction process. If unknown, leave it at the default value (which
+is 1000).
+
+@item target_geometry
+The target geometry of the output image/video. The following values are valid
+options:
+
+@table @samp
+@item rectilinear (default)
+@item fisheye
+@item panoramic
+@item equirectangular
+@item fisheye_orthographic
+@item fisheye_stereographic
+@item fisheye_equisolid
+@item fisheye_thoby
+@end table
+@item reverse
+Apply the reverse of image correction (instead of correcting distortion, apply
+it).
+
+@item interpolation
+The type of interpolation used when correcting distortion. The following values
+are valid options:
+
+@table @samp
+@item nearest
+@item linear (default)
+@item lanczos
+@end table
+@end table
+
+@subsection Examples
+
+@itemize
+@item
+Apply lens correction with make "Canon", camera model "Canon EOS 100D", and lens
+model "Canon EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM" with focal length of "18" and
+aperture of "8.0".
+
+@example
+ffmpeg -i input.mov -vf lensfun=make=Canon:model="Canon EOS 100D":lens_model="Canon EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM":focal_length=18:aperture=8 -c:v h264 -b:v 8000k output.mov
+@end example
+
+@item
+Apply the same as before, but only for the first 5 seconds of video.
+
+@example
+ffmpeg -i input.mov -vf lensfun=make=Canon:model="Canon EOS 100D":lens_model="Canon EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM":focal_length=18:aperture=8:enable='lte(t\,5)' -c:v h264 -b:v 8000k output.mov
+@end example
+
+@end itemize
+
 @section libvmaf
 
 Obtain the VMAF (Video Multi-Method Assessment Fusion)
index 7735c26..5d4549e 100644 (file)
@@ -248,6 +248,7 @@ OBJS-$(CONFIG_INTERLACE_FILTER)              += vf_tinterlace.o
 OBJS-$(CONFIG_INTERLEAVE_FILTER)             += f_interleave.o
 OBJS-$(CONFIG_KERNDEINT_FILTER)              += vf_kerndeint.o
 OBJS-$(CONFIG_LENSCORRECTION_FILTER)         += vf_lenscorrection.o
+OBJS-$(CONFIG_LENSFUN_FILTER)                += vf_lensfun.o
 OBJS-$(CONFIG_LIBVMAF_FILTER)                += vf_libvmaf.o framesync.o
 OBJS-$(CONFIG_LIMITER_FILTER)                += vf_limiter.o
 OBJS-$(CONFIG_LOOP_FILTER)                   += f_loop.o
index 0ded83e..521bc53 100644 (file)
@@ -237,6 +237,7 @@ extern AVFilter ff_vf_interlace;
 extern AVFilter ff_vf_interleave;
 extern AVFilter ff_vf_kerndeint;
 extern AVFilter ff_vf_lenscorrection;
+extern AVFilter ff_vf_lensfun;
 extern AVFilter ff_vf_libvmaf;
 extern AVFilter ff_vf_limiter;
 extern AVFilter ff_vf_loop;
diff --git a/libavfilter/vf_lensfun.c b/libavfilter/vf_lensfun.c
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..fd14210
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,548 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2007 by Andrew Zabolotny (author of lensfun, from which this filter derives from)
+ * Copyright (C) 2018 Stephen Seo
+ *
+ * This file is part of FFmpeg.
+ *
+ * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program.  If not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+/**
+ * @file
+ * Lensfun filter, applies lens correction with parameters from the lensfun database
+ *
+ * @see https://lensfun.sourceforge.net/
+ */
+
+#include <float.h>
+#include <math.h>
+
+#include "libavutil/avassert.h"
+#include "libavutil/imgutils.h"
+#include "libavutil/opt.h"
+#include "libswscale/swscale.h"
+#include "avfilter.h"
+#include "formats.h"
+#include "internal.h"
+#include "video.h"
+
+#include <lensfun.h>
+
+#define LANCZOS_RESOLUTION 256
+
+enum Mode {
+    VIGNETTING = 0x1,
+    GEOMETRY_DISTORTION = 0x2,
+    SUBPIXEL_DISTORTION = 0x4
+};
+
+enum InterpolationType {
+    NEAREST,
+    LINEAR,
+    LANCZOS
+};
+
+typedef struct VignettingThreadData {
+    int width, height;
+    uint8_t *data_in;
+    int linesize_in;
+    int pixel_composition;
+    lfModifier *modifier;
+} VignettingThreadData;
+
+typedef struct DistortionCorrectionThreadData {
+    int width, height;
+    const float *distortion_coords;
+    const uint8_t *data_in;
+    uint8_t *data_out;
+    int linesize_in, linesize_out;
+    const float *interpolation;
+    int mode;
+    int interpolation_type;
+} DistortionCorrectionThreadData;
+
+typedef struct LensfunContext {
+    const AVClass *class;
+    const char *make, *model, *lens_model;
+    int mode;
+    float focal_length;
+    float aperture;
+    float focus_distance;
+    int target_geometry;
+    int reverse;
+    int interpolation_type;
+
+    float *distortion_coords;
+    float *interpolation;
+
+    lfLens *lens;
+    lfCamera *camera;
+    lfModifier *modifier;
+} LensfunContext;
+
+#define OFFSET(x) offsetof(LensfunContext, x)
+#define FLAGS AV_OPT_FLAG_FILTERING_PARAM|AV_OPT_FLAG_VIDEO_PARAM
+static const AVOption lensfun_options[] = {
+    { "make", "set camera maker", OFFSET(make), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str=NULL}, 0, 0, FLAGS },
+    { "model", "set camera model", OFFSET(model), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str=NULL}, 0, 0, FLAGS },
+    { "lens_model", "set lens model", OFFSET(lens_model), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str=NULL}, 0, 0, FLAGS },
+    { "mode", "set mode", OFFSET(mode), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, {.i64=GEOMETRY_DISTORTION}, 0, VIGNETTING | GEOMETRY_DISTORTION | SUBPIXEL_DISTORTION, FLAGS, "mode" },
+        { "vignetting", "fix lens vignetting", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=VIGNETTING}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "mode" },
+        { "geometry", "correct geometry distortion", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=GEOMETRY_DISTORTION}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "mode" },
+        { "subpixel", "fix chromatic aberrations", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=SUBPIXEL_DISTORTION}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "mode" },
+        { "vig_geo", "fix lens vignetting and correct geometry distortion", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=VIGNETTING | GEOMETRY_DISTORTION}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "mode" },
+        { "vig_subpixel", "fix lens vignetting and chromatic aberrations", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=VIGNETTING | SUBPIXEL_DISTORTION}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "mode" },
+        { "distortion", "correct geometry distortion and chromatic aberrations", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=GEOMETRY_DISTORTION | SUBPIXEL_DISTORTION}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "mode" },
+        { "all", NULL, 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=VIGNETTING | GEOMETRY_DISTORTION | SUBPIXEL_DISTORTION}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "mode" },
+    { "focal_length", "focal length of video (zoom; constant for the duration of the use of this filter)", OFFSET(focal_length), AV_OPT_TYPE_FLOAT, {.dbl=18}, 0.0, DBL_MAX, FLAGS },
+    { "aperture", "aperture (constant for the duration of the use of this filter)", OFFSET(aperture), AV_OPT_TYPE_FLOAT, {.dbl=3.5}, 0.0, DBL_MAX, FLAGS },
+    { "focus_distance", "focus distance (constant for the duration of the use of this filter)", OFFSET(focus_distance), AV_OPT_TYPE_FLOAT, {.dbl=1000.0f}, 0.0, DBL_MAX, FLAGS },
+    { "target_geometry", "target geometry of the lens correction (only when geometry correction is enabled)", OFFSET(target_geometry), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, {.i64=LF_RECTILINEAR}, 0, INT_MAX, FLAGS, "lens_geometry" },
+        { "rectilinear", "rectilinear lens (default)", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=LF_RECTILINEAR}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "lens_geometry" },
+        { "fisheye", "fisheye lens", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=LF_FISHEYE}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "lens_geometry" },
+        { "panoramic", "panoramic (cylindrical)", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=LF_PANORAMIC}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "lens_geometry" },
+        { "equirectangular", "equirectangular", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=LF_EQUIRECTANGULAR}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "lens_geometry" },
+        { "fisheye_orthographic", "orthographic fisheye", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=LF_FISHEYE_ORTHOGRAPHIC}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "lens_geometry" },
+        { "fisheye_stereographic", "stereographic fisheye", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=LF_FISHEYE_STEREOGRAPHIC}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "lens_geometry" },
+        { "fisheye_equisolid", "equisolid fisheye", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=LF_FISHEYE_EQUISOLID}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "lens_geometry" },
+        { "fisheye_thoby", "fisheye as measured by thoby", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=LF_FISHEYE_THOBY}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "lens_geometry" },
+    { "reverse", "Does reverse correction (regular image to lens distorted)", OFFSET(reverse), AV_OPT_TYPE_BOOL, {.i64=0}, 0, 1, FLAGS },
+    { "interpolation", "Type of interpolation", OFFSET(interpolation_type), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, {.i64=LINEAR}, 0, LANCZOS, FLAGS, "interpolation" },
+        { "nearest", NULL, 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=NEAREST}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "interpolation" },
+        { "linear", NULL, 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=LINEAR}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "interpolation" },
+        { "lanczos", NULL, 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64=LANCZOS}, 0, 0, FLAGS, "interpolation" },
+    { NULL }
+};
+
+AVFILTER_DEFINE_CLASS(lensfun);
+
+static av_cold int init(AVFilterContext *ctx)
+{
+    LensfunContext *lensfun = ctx->priv;
+    lfDatabase *db;
+    const lfCamera **cameras;
+    const lfLens **lenses;
+
+    if (!lensfun->make) {
+        av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_FATAL, "Option \"make\" not specified\n");
+        return AVERROR(EINVAL);
+    } else if (!lensfun->model) {
+        av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_FATAL, "Option \"model\" not specified\n");
+        return AVERROR(EINVAL);
+    } else if (!lensfun->lens_model) {
+        av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_FATAL, "Option \"lens_model\" not specified\n");
+        return AVERROR(EINVAL);
+    }
+
+    lensfun->lens = lf_lens_new();
+    lensfun->camera = lf_camera_new();
+
+    db = lf_db_new();
+    if (lf_db_load(db) != LF_NO_ERROR) {
+        lf_db_destroy(db);
+        av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_FATAL, "Failed to load lensfun database\n");
+        return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
+    }
+
+    cameras = lf_db_find_cameras(db, lensfun->make, lensfun->model);
+    if (cameras && *cameras) {
+        lf_camera_copy(lensfun->camera, *cameras);
+        av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_INFO, "Using camera %s\n", lensfun->camera->Model);
+    } else {
+        lf_free(cameras);
+        lf_db_destroy(db);
+        av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_FATAL, "Failed to find camera in lensfun database\n");
+        return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
+    }
+    lf_free(cameras);
+
+    lenses = lf_db_find_lenses_hd(db, lensfun->camera, NULL, lensfun->lens_model, 0);
+    if (lenses && *lenses) {
+        lf_lens_copy(lensfun->lens, *lenses);
+        av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_INFO, "Using lens %s\n", lensfun->lens->Model);
+    } else {
+        lf_free(lenses);
+        lf_db_destroy(db);
+        av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_FATAL, "Failed to find lens in lensfun database\n");
+        return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
+    }
+    lf_free(lenses);
+
+    lf_db_destroy(db);
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static int query_formats(AVFilterContext *ctx)
+{
+    // Some of the functions provided by lensfun require pixels in RGB format
+    static const enum AVPixelFormat fmts[] = {AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24, AV_PIX_FMT_NONE};
+    AVFilterFormats *fmts_list = ff_make_format_list(fmts);
+    return ff_set_common_formats(ctx, fmts_list);
+}
+
+static float lanczos_kernel(float x)
+{
+    if (x == 0.0f) {
+        return 1.0f;
+    } else if (x > -2.0f && x < 2.0f) {
+        return (2.0f * sin(M_PI * x) * sin(M_PI / 2.0f * x)) / (M_PI * M_PI * x * x);
+    } else {
+        return 0.0f;
+    }
+}
+
+static int config_props(AVFilterLink *inlink)
+{
+    AVFilterContext *ctx = inlink->dst;
+    LensfunContext *lensfun = ctx->priv;
+    int index;
+    float a;
+    int lensfun_mode = 0;
+
+    if (!lensfun->modifier) {
+        if (lensfun->camera && lensfun->lens) {
+            lensfun->modifier = lf_modifier_new(lensfun->lens,
+                                                lensfun->camera->CropFactor,
+                                                inlink->w,
+                                                inlink->h);
+            if (lensfun->mode & VIGNETTING)
+                lensfun_mode |= LF_MODIFY_VIGNETTING;
+            if (lensfun->mode & GEOMETRY_DISTORTION)
+                lensfun_mode |= LF_MODIFY_DISTORTION | LF_MODIFY_GEOMETRY | LF_MODIFY_SCALE;
+            if (lensfun->mode & SUBPIXEL_DISTORTION)
+                lensfun_mode |= LF_MODIFY_TCA;
+            lf_modifier_initialize(lensfun->modifier,
+                                   lensfun->lens,
+                                   LF_PF_U8,
+                                   lensfun->focal_length,
+                                   lensfun->aperture,
+                                   lensfun->focus_distance,
+                                   0.0,
+                                   lensfun->target_geometry,
+                                   lensfun_mode,
+                                   lensfun->reverse);
+        } else {
+            // lensfun->camera and lensfun->lens should have been initialized
+            return AVERROR_BUG;
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (!lensfun->distortion_coords) {
+        if (lensfun->mode & SUBPIXEL_DISTORTION) {
+            lensfun->distortion_coords = av_malloc(sizeof(float) * inlink->w * inlink->h * 2 * 3);
+            if (!lensfun->distortion_coords)
+                return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
+            if (lensfun->mode & GEOMETRY_DISTORTION) {
+                // apply both geometry and subpixel distortion
+                lf_modifier_apply_subpixel_geometry_distortion(lensfun->modifier,
+                                                               0, 0,
+                                                               inlink->w, inlink->h,
+                                                               lensfun->distortion_coords);
+            } else {
+                // apply only subpixel distortion
+                lf_modifier_apply_subpixel_distortion(lensfun->modifier,
+                                                      0, 0,
+                                                      inlink->w, inlink->h,
+                                                      lensfun->distortion_coords);
+            }
+        } else if (lensfun->mode & GEOMETRY_DISTORTION) {
+            lensfun->distortion_coords = av_malloc(sizeof(float) * inlink->w * inlink->h * 2);
+            if (!lensfun->distortion_coords)
+                return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
+            // apply only geometry distortion
+            lf_modifier_apply_geometry_distortion(lensfun->modifier,
+                                                  0, 0,
+                                                  inlink->w, inlink->h,
+                                                  lensfun->distortion_coords);
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (!lensfun->interpolation)
+        if (lensfun->interpolation_type == LANCZOS) {
+            lensfun->interpolation = av_malloc(sizeof(float) * 4 * LANCZOS_RESOLUTION);
+            if (!lensfun->interpolation)
+                return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
+            for (index = 0; index < 4 * LANCZOS_RESOLUTION; ++index) {
+                if (index == 0) {
+                    lensfun->interpolation[index] = 1.0f;
+                } else {
+                    a = sqrtf((float)index / LANCZOS_RESOLUTION);
+                    lensfun->interpolation[index] = lanczos_kernel(a);
+                }
+            }
+        }
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static int vignetting_filter_slice(AVFilterContext *ctx, void *arg, int jobnr, int nb_jobs)
+{
+    const VignettingThreadData *thread_data = arg;
+    const int slice_start = thread_data->height *  jobnr      / nb_jobs;
+    const int slice_end   = thread_data->height * (jobnr + 1) / nb_jobs;
+
+    lf_modifier_apply_color_modification(thread_data->modifier,
+                                         thread_data->data_in + slice_start * thread_data->linesize_in,
+                                         0,
+                                         slice_start,
+                                         thread_data->width,
+                                         slice_end - slice_start,
+                                         thread_data->pixel_composition,
+                                         thread_data->linesize_in);
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static float square(float x)
+{
+    return x * x;
+}
+
+static int distortion_correction_filter_slice(AVFilterContext *ctx, void *arg, int jobnr, int nb_jobs)
+{
+    const DistortionCorrectionThreadData *thread_data = arg;
+    const int slice_start = thread_data->height *  jobnr      / nb_jobs;
+    const int slice_end   = thread_data->height * (jobnr + 1) / nb_jobs;
+
+    int x, y, i, j, rgb_index;
+    float interpolated, new_x, new_y, d, norm;
+    int new_x_int, new_y_int;
+    for (y = slice_start; y < slice_end; ++y)
+        for (x = 0; x < thread_data->width; ++x)
+            for (rgb_index = 0; rgb_index < 3; ++rgb_index) {
+                if (thread_data->mode & SUBPIXEL_DISTORTION) {
+                    // subpixel (and possibly geometry) distortion correction was applied, correct distortion
+                    switch(thread_data->interpolation_type) {
+                    case NEAREST:
+                        new_x_int = thread_data->distortion_coords[x * 2 * 3 + y * thread_data->width * 2 * 3 + rgb_index * 2]     + 0.5f;
+                        new_y_int = thread_data->distortion_coords[x * 2 * 3 + y * thread_data->width * 2 * 3 + rgb_index * 2 + 1] + 0.5f;
+                        if (new_x_int < 0 || new_x_int >= thread_data->width || new_y_int < 0 || new_y_int >= thread_data->height) {
+                            thread_data->data_out[x * 3 + rgb_index + y * thread_data->linesize_out] = 0;
+                        } else {
+                            thread_data->data_out[x * 3 + rgb_index + y * thread_data->linesize_out] = thread_data->data_in[new_x_int * 3 + rgb_index + new_y_int * thread_data->linesize_in];
+                        }
+                        break;
+                    case LINEAR:
+                        interpolated = 0.0f;
+                        new_x = thread_data->distortion_coords[x * 2 * 3 + y * thread_data->width * 2 * 3 + rgb_index * 2];
+                        new_x_int = new_x;
+                        new_y = thread_data->distortion_coords[x * 2 * 3 + y * thread_data->width * 2 * 3 + rgb_index * 2 + 1];
+                        new_y_int = new_y;
+                        if (new_x_int < 0 || new_x_int + 1 >= thread_data->width || new_y_int < 0 || new_y_int + 1 >= thread_data->height) {
+                            thread_data->data_out[x * 3 + rgb_index + y * thread_data->linesize_out] = 0;
+                        } else {
+                            thread_data->data_out[x * 3 + rgb_index + y * thread_data->linesize_out] =
+                                  thread_data->data_in[ new_x_int      * 3 + rgb_index +  new_y_int      * thread_data->linesize_in] * (new_x_int + 1 - new_x) * (new_y_int + 1 - new_y)
+                                + thread_data->data_in[(new_x_int + 1) * 3 + rgb_index +  new_y_int      * thread_data->linesize_in] * (new_x - new_x_int) * (new_y_int + 1 - new_y)
+                                + thread_data->data_in[ new_x_int      * 3 + rgb_index + (new_y_int + 1) * thread_data->linesize_in] * (new_x_int + 1 - new_x) * (new_y - new_y_int)
+                                + thread_data->data_in[(new_x_int + 1) * 3 + rgb_index + (new_y_int + 1) * thread_data->linesize_in] * (new_x - new_x_int) * (new_y - new_y_int);
+                        }
+                        break;
+                    case LANCZOS:
+                        interpolated = 0.0f;
+                        norm = 0.0f;
+                        new_x = thread_data->distortion_coords[x * 2 * 3 + y * thread_data->width * 2 * 3 + rgb_index * 2];
+                        new_x_int = new_x;
+                        new_y = thread_data->distortion_coords[x * 2 * 3 + y * thread_data->width * 2 * 3 + rgb_index * 2 + 1];
+                        new_y_int = new_y;
+                        for (j = 0; j < 4; ++j)
+                            for (i = 0; i < 4; ++i) {
+                                if (new_x_int + i - 2 < 0 || new_x_int + i - 2 >= thread_data->width || new_y_int + j - 2 < 0 || new_y_int + j - 2 >= thread_data->height)
+                                    continue;
+                                d = square(new_x - (new_x_int + i - 2)) * square(new_y - (new_y_int + j - 2));
+                                if (d >= 4.0f)
+                                    continue;
+                                d = thread_data->interpolation[(int)(d * LANCZOS_RESOLUTION)];
+                                norm += d;
+                                interpolated += thread_data->data_in[(new_x_int + i - 2) * 3 + rgb_index + (new_y_int + j - 2) * thread_data->linesize_in] * d;
+                            }
+                        if (norm == 0.0f) {
+                            thread_data->data_out[x * 3 + rgb_index + y * thread_data->linesize_out] = 0;
+                        } else {
+                            interpolated /= norm;
+                            thread_data->data_out[x * 3 + rgb_index + y * thread_data->linesize_out] = interpolated < 0.0f ? 0.0f : interpolated > 255.0f ? 255.0f : interpolated;
+                        }
+                        break;
+                    }
+                } else if (thread_data->mode & GEOMETRY_DISTORTION) {
+                    // geometry distortion correction was applied, correct distortion
+                    switch(thread_data->interpolation_type) {
+                    case NEAREST:
+                        new_x_int = thread_data->distortion_coords[x * 2 + y * thread_data->width * 2]     + 0.5f;
+                        new_y_int = thread_data->distortion_coords[x * 2 + y * thread_data->width * 2 + 1] + 0.5f;
+                        if (new_x_int < 0 || new_x_int >= thread_data->width || new_y_int < 0 || new_y_int >= thread_data->height) {
+                            thread_data->data_out[x * 3 + rgb_index + y * thread_data->linesize_out] = 0;
+                        } else {
+                            thread_data->data_out[x * 3 + rgb_index + y * thread_data->linesize_out] = thread_data->data_in[new_x_int * 3 + rgb_index + new_y_int * thread_data->linesize_in];
+                        }
+                        break;
+                    case LINEAR:
+                        interpolated = 0.0f;
+                        new_x = thread_data->distortion_coords[x * 2 + y * thread_data->width * 2];
+                        new_x_int = new_x;
+                        new_y = thread_data->distortion_coords[x * 2 + y * thread_data->width * 2 + 1];
+                        new_y_int = new_y;
+                        if (new_x_int < 0 || new_x_int + 1 >= thread_data->width || new_y_int < 0 || new_y_int + 1 >= thread_data->height) {
+                            thread_data->data_out[x * 3 + rgb_index + y * thread_data->linesize_out] = 0;
+                        } else {
+                            thread_data->data_out[x * 3 + rgb_index + y * thread_data->linesize_out] =
+                                  thread_data->data_in[ new_x_int      * 3 + rgb_index +  new_y_int      * thread_data->linesize_in] * (new_x_int + 1 - new_x) * (new_y_int + 1 - new_y)
+                                + thread_data->data_in[(new_x_int + 1) * 3 + rgb_index +  new_y_int      * thread_data->linesize_in] * (new_x - new_x_int) * (new_y_int + 1 - new_y)
+                                + thread_data->data_in[ new_x_int      * 3 + rgb_index + (new_y_int + 1) * thread_data->linesize_in] * (new_x_int + 1 - new_x) * (new_y - new_y_int)
+                                + thread_data->data_in[(new_x_int + 1) * 3 + rgb_index + (new_y_int + 1) * thread_data->linesize_in] * (new_x - new_x_int) * (new_y - new_y_int);
+                        }
+                        break;
+                    case LANCZOS:
+                        interpolated = 0.0f;
+                        norm = 0.0f;
+                        new_x = thread_data->distortion_coords[x * 2     + y * thread_data->width * 2];
+                        new_x_int = new_x;
+                        new_y = thread_data->distortion_coords[x * 2 + 1 + y * thread_data->width * 2];
+                        new_y_int = new_y;
+                        for (j = 0; j < 4; ++j)
+                            for (i = 0; i < 4; ++i) {
+                                if (new_x_int + i - 2 < 0 || new_x_int + i - 2 >= thread_data->width || new_y_int + j - 2 < 0 || new_y_int + j - 2 >= thread_data->height)
+                                    continue;
+                                d = square(new_x - (new_x_int + i - 2)) * square(new_y - (new_y_int + j - 2));
+                                if (d >= 4.0f)
+                                    continue;
+                                d = thread_data->interpolation[(int)(d * LANCZOS_RESOLUTION)];
+                                norm += d;
+                                interpolated += thread_data->data_in[(new_x_int + i - 2) * 3 + rgb_index + (new_y_int + j - 2) * thread_data->linesize_in] * d;
+                            }
+                        if (norm == 0.0f) {
+                            thread_data->data_out[x * 3 + rgb_index + y * thread_data->linesize_out] = 0;
+                        } else {
+                            interpolated /= norm;
+                            thread_data->data_out[x * 3 + rgb_index + y * thread_data->linesize_out] = interpolated < 0.0f ? 0.0f : interpolated > 255.0f ? 255.0f : interpolated;
+                        }
+                        break;
+                    }
+                } else {
+                    // no distortion correction was applied
+                    thread_data->data_out[x * 3 + rgb_index + y * thread_data->linesize_out] = thread_data->data_in[x * 3 + rgb_index + y * thread_data->linesize_in];
+                }
+            }
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static int filter_frame(AVFilterLink *inlink, AVFrame *in)
+{
+    AVFilterContext *ctx = inlink->dst;
+    LensfunContext *lensfun = ctx->priv;
+    AVFilterLink *outlink = ctx->outputs[0];
+    AVFrame *out;
+    VignettingThreadData vignetting_thread_data;
+    DistortionCorrectionThreadData distortion_correction_thread_data;
+
+    if (lensfun->mode & VIGNETTING) {
+        av_frame_make_writable(in);
+
+        vignetting_thread_data = (VignettingThreadData) {
+            .width = inlink->w,
+            .height = inlink->h,
+            .data_in = in->data[0],
+            .linesize_in = in->linesize[0],
+            .pixel_composition = LF_CR_3(RED, GREEN, BLUE),
+            .modifier = lensfun->modifier
+        };
+
+        ctx->internal->execute(ctx,
+                               vignetting_filter_slice,
+                               &vignetting_thread_data,
+                               NULL,
+                               FFMIN(outlink->h, ctx->graph->nb_threads));
+    }
+
+    if (lensfun->mode & (GEOMETRY_DISTORTION | SUBPIXEL_DISTORTION)) {
+        out = ff_get_video_buffer(outlink, outlink->w, outlink->h);
+        if (!out) {
+            av_frame_free(&in);
+            return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
+        }
+        av_frame_copy_props(out, in);
+
+        distortion_correction_thread_data = (DistortionCorrectionThreadData) {
+            .width = inlink->w,
+            .height = inlink->h,
+            .distortion_coords = lensfun->distortion_coords,
+            .data_in = in->data[0],
+            .data_out = out->data[0],
+            .linesize_in = in->linesize[0],
+            .linesize_out = out->linesize[0],
+            .interpolation = lensfun->interpolation,
+            .mode = lensfun->mode,
+            .interpolation_type = lensfun->interpolation_type
+        };
+
+        ctx->internal->execute(ctx,
+                               distortion_correction_filter_slice,
+                               &distortion_correction_thread_data,
+                               NULL,
+                               FFMIN(outlink->h, ctx->graph->nb_threads));
+
+        av_frame_free(&in);
+        return ff_filter_frame(outlink, out);
+    } else {
+        return ff_filter_frame(outlink, in);
+    }
+}
+
+static av_cold void uninit(AVFilterContext *ctx)
+{
+    LensfunContext *lensfun = ctx->priv;
+
+    if (lensfun->camera)
+        lf_camera_destroy(lensfun->camera);
+    if (lensfun->lens)
+        lf_lens_destroy(lensfun->lens);
+    if (lensfun->modifier)
+        lf_modifier_destroy(lensfun->modifier);
+    if (lensfun->distortion_coords)
+        av_free(lensfun->distortion_coords);
+    if (lensfun->interpolation)
+        av_free(lensfun->interpolation);
+}
+
+static const AVFilterPad lensfun_inputs[] = {
+    {
+        .name         = "default",
+        .type         = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
+        .config_props = config_props,
+        .filter_frame = filter_frame,
+    },
+    { NULL }
+};
+
+static const AVFilterPad lensfun_outputs[] = {
+    {
+        .name = "default",
+        .type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
+    },
+    { NULL }
+};
+
+AVFilter ff_vf_lensfun = {
+    .name          = "lensfun",
+    .description   = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("Apply correction to an image based on info derived from the lensfun database."),
+    .priv_size     = sizeof(LensfunContext),
+    .init          = init,
+    .uninit        = uninit,
+    .query_formats = query_formats,
+    .inputs        = lensfun_inputs,
+    .outputs       = lensfun_outputs,
+    .priv_class    = &lensfun_class,
+    .flags         = AVFILTER_FLAG_SUPPORT_TIMELINE_GENERIC | AVFILTER_FLAG_SLICE_THREADS,
+};