indeo: clear allocated band buffers
[ffmpeg.git] / libavcodec / iirfilter.c
1 /*
2  * IIR filter
3  * Copyright (c) 2008 Konstantin Shishkov
4  *
5  * This file is part of Libav.
6  *
7  * Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
8  * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
9  * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
10  * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
11  *
12  * Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
13  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
14  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
15  * Lesser General Public License for more details.
16  *
17  * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
18  * License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
19  * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
20  */
21
22 /**
23  * @file
24  * different IIR filters implementation
25  */
26
27 #include "iirfilter.h"
28 #include <math.h>
29
30 /**
31  * IIR filter global parameters
32  */
33 typedef struct FFIIRFilterCoeffs{
34     int   order;
35     float gain;
36     int   *cx;
37     float *cy;
38 }FFIIRFilterCoeffs;
39
40 /**
41  * IIR filter state
42  */
43 typedef struct FFIIRFilterState{
44     float x[1];
45 }FFIIRFilterState;
46
47 /// maximum supported filter order
48 #define MAXORDER 30
49
50 static int butterworth_init_coeffs(void *avc, struct FFIIRFilterCoeffs *c,
51                                    enum IIRFilterMode filt_mode,
52                                    int order, float cutoff_ratio,
53                                    float stopband)
54 {
55     int i, j;
56     double wa;
57     double p[MAXORDER + 1][2];
58
59     if (filt_mode != FF_FILTER_MODE_LOWPASS) {
60         av_log(avc, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Butterworth filter currently only supports "
61                "low-pass filter mode\n");
62         return -1;
63     }
64     if (order & 1) {
65         av_log(avc, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Butterworth filter currently only supports "
66                "even filter orders\n");
67         return -1;
68     }
69
70     wa = 2 * tan(M_PI * 0.5 * cutoff_ratio);
71
72     c->cx[0] = 1;
73     for(i = 1; i < (order >> 1) + 1; i++)
74         c->cx[i] = c->cx[i - 1] * (order - i + 1LL) / i;
75
76     p[0][0] = 1.0;
77     p[0][1] = 0.0;
78     for(i = 1; i <= order; i++)
79         p[i][0] = p[i][1] = 0.0;
80     for(i = 0; i < order; i++){
81         double zp[2];
82         double th = (i + (order >> 1) + 0.5) * M_PI / order;
83         double a_re, a_im, c_re, c_im;
84         zp[0] = cos(th) * wa;
85         zp[1] = sin(th) * wa;
86         a_re = zp[0] + 2.0;
87         c_re = zp[0] - 2.0;
88         a_im =
89         c_im = zp[1];
90         zp[0] = (a_re * c_re + a_im * c_im) / (c_re * c_re + c_im * c_im);
91         zp[1] = (a_im * c_re - a_re * c_im) / (c_re * c_re + c_im * c_im);
92
93         for(j = order; j >= 1; j--)
94         {
95             a_re = p[j][0];
96             a_im = p[j][1];
97             p[j][0] = a_re*zp[0] - a_im*zp[1] + p[j-1][0];
98             p[j][1] = a_re*zp[1] + a_im*zp[0] + p[j-1][1];
99         }
100         a_re    = p[0][0]*zp[0] - p[0][1]*zp[1];
101         p[0][1] = p[0][0]*zp[1] + p[0][1]*zp[0];
102         p[0][0] = a_re;
103     }
104     c->gain = p[order][0];
105     for(i = 0; i < order; i++){
106         c->gain += p[i][0];
107         c->cy[i] = (-p[i][0] * p[order][0] + -p[i][1] * p[order][1]) /
108                    (p[order][0] * p[order][0] + p[order][1] * p[order][1]);
109     }
110     c->gain /= 1 << order;
111
112     return 0;
113 }
114
115 static int biquad_init_coeffs(void *avc, struct FFIIRFilterCoeffs *c,
116                               enum IIRFilterMode filt_mode, int order,
117                               float cutoff_ratio, float stopband)
118 {
119     double cos_w0, sin_w0;
120     double a0, x0, x1;
121
122     if (filt_mode != FF_FILTER_MODE_HIGHPASS &&
123         filt_mode != FF_FILTER_MODE_LOWPASS) {
124         av_log(avc, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Biquad filter currently only supports "
125                "high-pass and low-pass filter modes\n");
126         return -1;
127     }
128     if (order != 2) {
129         av_log(avc, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Biquad filter must have order of 2\n");
130         return -1;
131     }
132
133     cos_w0 = cos(M_PI * cutoff_ratio);
134     sin_w0 = sin(M_PI * cutoff_ratio);
135
136     a0 = 1.0 + (sin_w0 / 2.0);
137
138     if (filt_mode == FF_FILTER_MODE_HIGHPASS) {
139         c->gain  =  ((1.0 + cos_w0) / 2.0)  / a0;
140         x0       =  ((1.0 + cos_w0) / 2.0)  / a0;
141         x1       = (-(1.0 + cos_w0))        / a0;
142     } else { // FF_FILTER_MODE_LOWPASS
143         c->gain  =  ((1.0 - cos_w0) / 2.0)  / a0;
144         x0       =  ((1.0 - cos_w0) / 2.0)  / a0;
145         x1       =   (1.0 - cos_w0)         / a0;
146     }
147     c->cy[0] = (-1.0 + (sin_w0 / 2.0)) / a0;
148     c->cy[1] =  (2.0 *  cos_w0)        / a0;
149
150     // divide by gain to make the x coeffs integers.
151     // during filtering, the delay state will include the gain multiplication
152     c->cx[0] = lrintf(x0 / c->gain);
153     c->cx[1] = lrintf(x1 / c->gain);
154
155     return 0;
156 }
157
158 av_cold struct FFIIRFilterCoeffs* ff_iir_filter_init_coeffs(void *avc,
159                                                 enum IIRFilterType filt_type,
160                                                 enum IIRFilterMode filt_mode,
161                                                 int order, float cutoff_ratio,
162                                                 float stopband, float ripple)
163 {
164     FFIIRFilterCoeffs *c;
165     int ret = 0;
166
167     if (order <= 0 || order > MAXORDER || cutoff_ratio >= 1.0)
168         return NULL;
169
170     FF_ALLOCZ_OR_GOTO(avc, c,     sizeof(FFIIRFilterCoeffs),
171                       init_fail);
172     FF_ALLOC_OR_GOTO (avc, c->cx, sizeof(c->cx[0]) * ((order >> 1) + 1),
173                       init_fail);
174     FF_ALLOC_OR_GOTO (avc, c->cy, sizeof(c->cy[0]) * order,
175                       init_fail);
176     c->order = order;
177
178     switch (filt_type) {
179     case FF_FILTER_TYPE_BUTTERWORTH:
180         ret = butterworth_init_coeffs(avc, c, filt_mode, order, cutoff_ratio,
181                                       stopband);
182         break;
183     case FF_FILTER_TYPE_BIQUAD:
184         ret = biquad_init_coeffs(avc, c, filt_mode, order, cutoff_ratio,
185                                  stopband);
186         break;
187     default:
188         av_log(avc, AV_LOG_ERROR, "filter type is not currently implemented\n");
189         goto init_fail;
190     }
191
192     if (!ret)
193         return c;
194
195 init_fail:
196     ff_iir_filter_free_coeffs(c);
197     return NULL;
198 }
199
200 av_cold struct FFIIRFilterState* ff_iir_filter_init_state(int order)
201 {
202     FFIIRFilterState* s = av_mallocz(sizeof(FFIIRFilterState) + sizeof(s->x[0]) * (order - 1));
203     return s;
204 }
205
206 #define CONV_S16(dest, source) dest = av_clip_int16(lrintf(source));
207
208 #define CONV_FLT(dest, source) dest = source;
209
210 #define FILTER_BW_O4_1(i0, i1, i2, i3, fmt)         \
211     in = *src0 * c->gain                            \
212          + c->cy[0]*s->x[i0] + c->cy[1]*s->x[i1]    \
213          + c->cy[2]*s->x[i2] + c->cy[3]*s->x[i3];   \
214     res =  (s->x[i0] + in      )*1                  \
215          + (s->x[i1] + s->x[i3])*4                  \
216          +  s->x[i2]            *6;                 \
217     CONV_##fmt(*dst0, res)                          \
218     s->x[i0] = in;                                  \
219     src0 += sstep;                                  \
220     dst0 += dstep;
221
222 #define FILTER_BW_O4(type, fmt) {           \
223     int i;                                  \
224     const type *src0 = src;                 \
225     type       *dst0 = dst;                 \
226     for (i = 0; i < size; i += 4) {         \
227         float in, res;                      \
228         FILTER_BW_O4_1(0, 1, 2, 3, fmt);    \
229         FILTER_BW_O4_1(1, 2, 3, 0, fmt);    \
230         FILTER_BW_O4_1(2, 3, 0, 1, fmt);    \
231         FILTER_BW_O4_1(3, 0, 1, 2, fmt);    \
232     }                                       \
233 }
234
235 #define FILTER_DIRECT_FORM_II(type, fmt) {                                  \
236     int i;                                                                  \
237     const type *src0 = src;                                                 \
238     type       *dst0 = dst;                                                 \
239     for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {                                            \
240         int j;                                                              \
241         float in, res;                                                      \
242         in = *src0 * c->gain;                                               \
243         for(j = 0; j < c->order; j++)                                       \
244             in += c->cy[j] * s->x[j];                                       \
245         res = s->x[0] + in + s->x[c->order >> 1] * c->cx[c->order >> 1];    \
246         for(j = 1; j < c->order >> 1; j++)                                  \
247             res += (s->x[j] + s->x[c->order - j]) * c->cx[j];               \
248         for(j = 0; j < c->order - 1; j++)                                   \
249             s->x[j] = s->x[j + 1];                                          \
250         CONV_##fmt(*dst0, res)                                              \
251         s->x[c->order - 1] = in;                                            \
252         src0 += sstep;                                                      \
253         dst0 += dstep;                                                      \
254     }                                                                       \
255 }
256
257 #define FILTER_O2(type, fmt) {                                              \
258     int i;                                                                  \
259     const type *src0 = src;                                                 \
260     type       *dst0 = dst;                                                 \
261     for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {                                            \
262         float in = *src0   * c->gain  +                                     \
263                    s->x[0] * c->cy[0] +                                     \
264                    s->x[1] * c->cy[1];                                      \
265         CONV_##fmt(*dst0, s->x[0] + in + s->x[1] * c->cx[1])                \
266         s->x[0] = s->x[1];                                                  \
267         s->x[1] = in;                                                       \
268         src0 += sstep;                                                      \
269         dst0 += dstep;                                                      \
270     }                                                                       \
271 }
272
273 void ff_iir_filter(const struct FFIIRFilterCoeffs *c,
274                    struct FFIIRFilterState *s, int size,
275                    const int16_t *src, int sstep, int16_t *dst, int dstep)
276 {
277     if (c->order == 2) {
278         FILTER_O2(int16_t, S16)
279     } else if (c->order == 4) {
280         FILTER_BW_O4(int16_t, S16)
281     } else {
282         FILTER_DIRECT_FORM_II(int16_t, S16)
283     }
284 }
285
286 void ff_iir_filter_flt(const struct FFIIRFilterCoeffs *c,
287                        struct FFIIRFilterState *s, int size,
288                        const float *src, int sstep, float *dst, int dstep)
289 {
290     if (c->order == 2) {
291         FILTER_O2(float, FLT)
292     } else if (c->order == 4) {
293         FILTER_BW_O4(float, FLT)
294     } else {
295         FILTER_DIRECT_FORM_II(float, FLT)
296     }
297 }
298
299 av_cold void ff_iir_filter_free_state(struct FFIIRFilterState *state)
300 {
301     av_free(state);
302 }
303
304 av_cold void ff_iir_filter_free_coeffs(struct FFIIRFilterCoeffs *coeffs)
305 {
306     if(coeffs){
307         av_free(coeffs->cx);
308         av_free(coeffs->cy);
309     }
310     av_free(coeffs);
311 }
312
313 #ifdef TEST
314 #undef printf
315 #include <stdio.h>
316
317 #define FILT_ORDER 4
318 #define SIZE 1024
319 int main(void)
320 {
321     struct FFIIRFilterCoeffs *fcoeffs = NULL;
322     struct FFIIRFilterState  *fstate  = NULL;
323     float cutoff_coeff = 0.4;
324     int16_t x[SIZE], y[SIZE];
325     int i;
326
327     fcoeffs = ff_iir_filter_init_coeffs(NULL, FF_FILTER_TYPE_BUTTERWORTH,
328                                         FF_FILTER_MODE_LOWPASS, FILT_ORDER,
329                                         cutoff_coeff, 0.0, 0.0);
330     fstate  = ff_iir_filter_init_state(FILT_ORDER);
331
332     for (i = 0; i < SIZE; i++) {
333         x[i] = lrint(0.75 * INT16_MAX * sin(0.5*M_PI*i*i/SIZE));
334     }
335
336     ff_iir_filter(fcoeffs, fstate, SIZE, x, 1, y, 1);
337
338     for (i = 0; i < SIZE; i++)
339         printf("%6d %6d\n", x[i], y[i]);
340
341     ff_iir_filter_free_coeffs(fcoeffs);
342     ff_iir_filter_free_state(fstate);
343     return 0;
344 }
345 #endif /* TEST */